Acidosis

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acidosis

[‚as·ə′dō·səs]
(medicine)
A condition of decreased alkali reserve of the blood and other body fluids.

Acidosis

 

a change in the acid-alkaline balance of the organism as a result of insufficient removal and oxidation of organic acids (for example, beta-hydroxybutyric acid). Usually these products are rapidly removed from the body. In febrile diseases, intestinal disorders, pregnancy, starvation, and such, they are retained in the body; this is manifested in mild cases by the appearance of acetoacetic acid and acetone in the urine (so-called ketonuria). In severe cases (for example, diabetes mellitus) it may lead to coma. Treatment consists of removal of the cause of acidosis (for example, by administering insulin in case of diabetes); there is also symptomatic treatment—soda and an abundance of fluids taken internally.

References in periodicals archive ?
The unchanged pH after transport suggests sufficient acid-base buffering during transport and an elevation in Pc[o.sub.2] was likely the result of a mild respiratory acidosis or an increase in muscle metabolism.
The production of [H.sup.+] ions from C[O.sub.2] explains the development of respiratory acidosis from high PC[O.sub.2].
Those cases may be the first to present with unconsciousness, respiratory acidosis and coexisting Osborn wave due to Bonsai abuse.
Four out of five patients initially displaying respiratory acidosis developed a BE > +2 mEq/L subsequently, whereas one did not develop any subsequent disturbance.
These three theories (mixed metabolic and respiratory acidosis caused by respiratory failure and secondary tissue hypoperfusion and lactic acidosis, pulmonary edema, and lung dysfunction caused by diabetes mellitus) can explain the high pC[O.sub.2] in our case.
Did you interpret his blood gases as respiratory acidosis? If you did, you were correct.
A significant difference was recorded in dogs under Group III when compared with control dogs which suggested that respiratory acidosis was observed in Group II as suggested by Johnson, (2008).
Metabolic alkalosis associated with compensatory respiratory acidosis, hypokalemia and hypochloremia are expected due to the extent of bowel obstruction.
respiratory acidosis with metabolic alkalosis); or if, on the contrary, it helps perpetuate the disorder (e.g.
Reticulogranular appearance was present on lung graphy of the patient who was ventilated mechanically because of respiratory failure and respiratory acidosis. One dose of surfactant was administered to the baby who was diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome.
Values greater than 45 mm Hg indicate a state of respiratory acidosis that may be seen in hypoventilation, aspiration, sedative overdose, sleep apnea, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and pneumonia (Martinez & Pellico, 2013).
The additional dead space volume determines the level of increase in pC[O.sub.2] and accompanying respiratory acidosis. Enhanced pC[O.sub.2] and the respiratory acidosis have been studied to examine their influence on changes in respiratory function (Cathcart et al., 2005, Maruyama et al., 1988; Poon 1989), blood flow distribution (Howden et al., 2004; Ogoh et al., 2009,), muscle contractility (Mador et al., 1997; Vianna et al., 1990) and metabolic pathways of energy production (Graham et al., 1980; 1982; 1986; Graham and Wilson 1983; Kato et al., 2005; McLellan, 1991; Ostergard et al., 2012).