failure

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failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Patients were excluded from the study when they had (a) other causes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure; patients on sedatives; known cases of COPD; history of significant exposure to smoking (>20 pack years) or biomass fuel (>2 years); Brainstem abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders, chest wall deformities,(b) unable to apply BiPAP due to facial deformity, burns, upper airway surgery in last six months, uncontrolled gastro intestinal haemorrhage (c) presented with cardiogenic or septic shock and systolic blood pressure less than 90 despite of vasopressor support.
High-flow oxygen through nasal cannula in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. N Engl J Med 2015; 372: 2185-96.
For example, two siblings have respiratory failure but at different ages and varying severity, while one sibling does not have any respiratory issue.
We enrolled stable COPD subjects visiting the University of Minnesota Medical Center pulmonary clinic for a regular appointment, and patients with acute respiratory failure admitted to University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Ridges Hospital, and Fairview Southdale Hospital requiring NIPPV with one of the following diagnoses: AECOPD, heart failure, or pneumonia.
In resource poor settings, the use of BiPAP through endotracheal tube can be an effective and safe intervention for comatose COPD patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure.
The common indications for the use of VV-ECMO in patients with ARDS include profound refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure with or without hypercapnia despite maximal ventilator support and the inability to tolerate lung protective strategies.[sup][13] The ELSO guidelines, which we followed, recommend transfer to specialized ECMO centers when the mortality risk is 50% or higher, and transfer is indicated when mortality is equal to or exceeds 80%.[sup][14] However, physicians are now often faced with the dilemma of when to initiate and terminate therapy.
In univariate analysis, Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest (P=0.026), positive inotropic drugs (P=0.031), postoperative stroke (P=0.016), postoperative acute renal failure (P=0.031), postoperative respiratory failure (P=0.000), showed significant univariate influence (Table 3).
Our case describes a patient who presented with both shock and respiratory failure and her subsequent fatal course.
There was an insignificant relationship between serum triglycerides and the incidence of local complications (walled-off necrosis, pancreatic abscess, and pancreatic pseudocyst), respiratory failure, renal failure, and circulatory failure (p < 0.05).
According to the latest information that 3670 Turkmen people ranged from children to elderly people, who were exposed to chemical gas, are being observed allergy, inflammation, non-healing wounds and hypercapnic respiratory failures.
[sup][2] A large proportion of patients with severe CO poisoning have loss of consciousness and ischemic cardiac changes, resulting in acute respiratory failure through the pathophysiology of airway obstruction, atelectasis, and pulmonary edema.

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