Patients were excluded from the study when they had (a) other causes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure
; patients on sedatives; known cases of COPD; history of significant exposure to smoking (>20 pack years) or biomass fuel (>2 years); Brainstem abnormalities, neuromuscular disorders, chest wall deformities,(b) unable to apply BiPAP due to facial deformity, burns, upper airway surgery in last six months, uncontrolled gastro intestinal haemorrhage (c) presented with cardiogenic or septic shock and systolic blood pressure less than 90 despite of vasopressor support.
High-flow oxygen through nasal cannula in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure
. N Engl J Med 2015; 372: 2185-96.
For example, two siblings have respiratory failure
but at different ages and varying severity, while one sibling does not have any respiratory issue.
We enrolled stable COPD subjects visiting the University of Minnesota Medical Center pulmonary clinic for a regular appointment, and patients with acute respiratory failure
admitted to University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview Ridges Hospital, and Fairview Southdale Hospital requiring NIPPV with one of the following diagnoses: AECOPD, heart failure, or pneumonia.
In resource poor settings, the use of BiPAP through endotracheal tube can be an effective and safe intervention for comatose COPD patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure
The common indications for the use of VV-ECMO in patients with ARDS include profound refractory hypoxemic respiratory failure
with or without hypercapnia despite maximal ventilator support and the inability to tolerate lung protective strategies.[sup] The ELSO guidelines, which we followed, recommend transfer to specialized ECMO centers when the mortality risk is 50% or higher, and transfer is indicated when mortality is equal to or exceeds 80%.[sup] However, physicians are now often faced with the dilemma of when to initiate and terminate therapy.
In univariate analysis, Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest (P=0.026), positive inotropic drugs (P=0.031), postoperative stroke (P=0.016), postoperative acute renal failure (P=0.031), postoperative respiratory failure
(P=0.000), showed significant univariate influence (Table 3).
Our case describes a patient who presented with both shock and respiratory failure
and her subsequent fatal course.
There was an insignificant relationship between serum triglycerides and the incidence of local complications (walled-off necrosis, pancreatic abscess, and pancreatic pseudocyst), respiratory failure
, renal failure, and circulatory failure (p < 0.05).
According to the latest information that 3670 Turkmen people ranged from children to elderly people, who were exposed to chemical gas, are being observed allergy, inflammation, non-healing wounds and hypercapnic respiratory failures
 in patients with respiratory failure
due to various causes in a medical ICU and by Senef.
[sup] A large proportion of patients with severe CO poisoning have loss of consciousness and ischemic cardiac changes, resulting in acute respiratory failure
through the pathophysiology of airway obstruction, atelectasis, and pulmonary edema.