Rockenbauer shares that a multi-particle theory based on the strong and weak interaction can in all probability describe the quantum states where these properties mentioned are given as expectation values of the charge and

rest mass operators.

"It is very often said in textbooks that the theory of relativity has shown that mass increases with velocity according to the relation m = [m.sub.0][gamma], where [m.sub.0] is the

rest mass. Expressed in this way it appears as a new and profound property of matter, whereas it is really a result of a particular definition of relativistic velocity.

In [2] we applied this model on chain systems of harmonic quantum oscillators and could show that particle

rest masses coincide with the eigenstates of the system.

PROPERTY ELECTRON

rest mass m 9.10938356(11) x [10.sup.-31] kg energy E = [mc.sup.2] 0.5109989461(31) MeV angular frequency 7.76344071 x [10.sup.20] Hz [omega] = E/[??] angular oscillation period 1.28808867 x [10.sup.-21] s [tau] = 1/[omega] angular wavelength 3.8615926764(18) x [10.sup.-13] m [lambda] = c/[omega] angular acceleration 2.327421 x [10.sup.29] [ms.sup.-2] a = c[omega] PROPERTY PROTON

rest mass m 1.672621898(21) x [10.sup.-27] kg energy E = [mc.sup.2] 938.2720813(58) MeV angular frequency 1.42548624 x [10.sup.24] Hz [omega] = E/[??] angular oscillation period 7.01515 x [10.sup.-25] s [tau] = 1/[omega] angular wavelength 2.1030891 x [10.sup.-16] m [lambda] = c/[omega] angular acceleration 4.2735 x [10.sup.32] [ms.sup.-2] a = c[omega]

If such a particle possessing the mass m is located at the point R = 0, then its

rest mass density in the physical coordinates [[rho].sub.ph] = m[delta](R), and the potential of the produced gravitational field [phi] = -Gm/R is singular at the location point.

A neutrino with a magnetic moment, and one capable of changing from one kind to another, would also have to have a small

rest mass. When the neutrino's existence was postulated more than 50 years ago, it was supposed to have zero

rest mass.

PROPERTY ELECTRON

rest mass m 9.10938356(11) x [10.sup.-31] kg energy E = [mc.sup.2] 0.5109989461(31) MeV angular frequency 7.76344071 x [10.sup.20] Hz [omega] = E/ft angular oscillation period 1.28808867 x [10.sup.-21] s [tau] = 1/[omega] angular wavelength 3.8615926764(18) x [10.sup.-13] m [lambda] = c/[omega] angular acceleration 2.327421 x [10.sup.29] [ms.sup.-2] a = c[omega] PROPERTY PROTON

rest mass m 1.672621898(21) x [10.sup.-27] kg energy E = [mc.sup.2] 938.2720813(58) MeV angular frequency 1.42548624 x [10.sup.24] Hz [omega] = E/ft angular oscillation period 7.01515 x [10.sup.-25] s [tau] = 1/[omega] angular wavelength 2.1030891 x [10.sup.-16] m [lambda] = c/[omega] angular acceleration 4.2735 x [10.sup.32] [ms.sup.-2] a = c[omega]

That is, they constitute one possible kind of sterile neutrino, which may have to be invoked to fit simultaneously all the different 1998 measurements and hints of neutrino

rest mass that are coming to us from laboratory experiments, observations of solar neutrinos, and anomalies in the numbers of neutrinos produced when cosmic rays hit the Earth's atmosphere.

A further question is whether neutrinos have a very small

rest mass. Physicists have believed that neutrinos have exactly zero

rest mass, but new theoretical developments would give them a tiny

rest mass.

Therefore, the

rest mass of the fundamental oscillator can be even smaller than the electron mass.

In order to change states, a neutrino must have at least a tiny amount of substance, or

rest mass. However, neutrinos are assumed to be completely massless in the present theory uniting the electromagnetic force with the "weak" force that governs neutrino interactions with other particles.

Back around 1930, difficulties in balancingenergy in beta decay of atomic nuclei led Wolfgang Pauli to postulate the existence of a subatomic particle that had no

rest mass, which Enrico Fermi named "little neutral one' or neutrino.