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in music: see notenote,
in musical notation, symbol placed on or between the lines of a staff to indicate the pitch and the relative duration of the tone to be produced by voice or instrument. The largest note value in common use in the United States is the whole note, an elliptical outline.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(in machine building), an accessory for machine tools that serves as an auxiliary support for the workpieces as they rotate during machining. A rest prevents flexing of workpieces because of cutting forces and their own weight and increases their resistance to vibration. Rests are used in machining long flexible shafts and workpieces that have long projections on lathes, circular grinding machines, and thread-milling and spline-milling machines. A distinction is made between steady rests (usually attached to the guide bed) and follow rests (which move together with the saddle).



(Russian pauza,) in music, a break in one, several, or all voices in a musical composition; also, a sign in music notation signifying a break.

In modern music notation, there are whole-note rests, half-rests, quarter-rests, eighth-rests, and 16th-, 32nd-, and 64th-rests. The shorter rests are rarely used. More prolonged rests are usually represented by a long mark with a numeral over it to indicate the number of bars for which the rest is to be observed. Originally, the primary purpose of the rest was to separate melodic voices. Later, the rest was used within melodic lines, and it became an important expressive means.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. a mark in a musical score indicating a pause of specific duration
2. Prosody a pause in or at the end of a line; caesura
3. Billiards Snooker any of various special poles used as supports for the cue in shots that cannot be made using the hand as a support
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(1) Rest and relaxation. See digital vacation.

(2) (REpresentational State Transfer) A software architecture for activating services over the Web. Introduced in 2000 by Roy Fielding, one of the authors of HTTP, REST is used to request services and return responses over the Web, commonly known as Web services.

Considered a simpler approach to Web services than the more complex and formal SOAP protocol, "RESTful" Web services make use of standard HTTP verbs, URIs and Internet media types. Requests are made via HTTP, and data is returned in XML, JSON or other data formats. REST concepts predate SOAP but were brought back into focus after developers gained experience with SOAP implementations. See HTTP, URI, Internet media type, WADL and SOAP.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Among the participants who preferred the hot eye mask to the sham one, changes in the feelings of restfulness and being refreshed of the sub-SS from BL to INT were significantly greater in the warm session than in the sham session (two-tailed paired i-test, P < 0.01), whereas, among the participants who did not positively evaluate the hot eye mask, there were no significant differences in the changes of the sub-SS between the warm and sham sessions (Figure 2).
Any suggestion of restfulness is misleading, however.
And, having drunk the ocean, our forehead will be cooled by the snows of the mountain in the landscape into which our drinking has brought us, and from this nameless beverage our heart will receive calm and rest akin to the calm and restfulness of a forest's shadows: we will have drunk our way into this round vase, this sphere or world that accommodates us, and we will be able to verify this accommodation in experience.
Seventy-one percent of the world is experiencing lots of enjoyment, laughter, smiles, restfulness and respect.
That is, Australians had more feelings of peace or restfulness, more pride in getting things done and more enjoyment in their lives compared to people living in other OECD countries; there was also less worry, sadness and boredom compared with people living in other OECD countries (OECD, 2014).
Daily energy comes from good nutrition and restfulness, and that energy must be spent wisely to maximize your accomplishments.
Then it seemed to him as though the agony was diminishing little by little and he felt a strange restfulness engulfing him and taking him up into itself.
Mark Twain, the American author renowned for his novel "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," once said about the Rigi mountains: "this is the charm ingest place we have ever lived in for repose and restfulness." In 1897, Twain vacationed in the area with his family for several months.
Acupuncturists offer courses of treatment to improve sleep, but will also give advice on basic lifestyle changes that aid restfulness. Consultation charges usually vary from PS30 to PS40 an hour.
Ice fishing presents an opportunity to enjoy the quiet restfulness of winter while still being productive.
Many, many summers before I went up to Mt Rigi in a cogwheel, Mark Twain had undertaken the same journey and it had made an impact enough on him to have remarked, "This is the charmingest place we have ever lived in for repose and restfulness".