restoration ecology

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Restoration ecology

A field in the science of conservation that is concerned with the application of ecological principles to restoring degraded, derelict, or fragmented ecosystems. The primary goal of restoration ecology (also known as ecological restoration) is to return a community or ecosystem to a condition similar in ecological structure, function, or both, to that existing prior to site disturbance or degradation.

A reference framework is needed to guide any restoration attempt—that is, to form the basis of the design (for example, desired species composition and density) and monitoring plan (for example, setting milestones and success criteria for restoration projects). Such a reference system is derived from ecological data collected from a suite of similar ecosystems in similar geomorphic settings within an appropriate biogeographic region. Typically, many sites representing a range of conditions (for example, pristine to highly degraded) are sampled, and statistical analyses of these data reveal what is possible given the initial conditions at the restoration site. See Ecosystem

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

restoration ecology

[‚res·tə‚rā·shən ē′käl·ə·jē]
The application of ecological principles and field methodologies to the successful restoration of damaged ecosystems.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The third intern is Michelle Emmerson of Arlington Heights, who is majoring in environmental science with a concentration in conservation and restoration ecology at Loyola University in Chicago.
Restoration ecology: interventionist approaches for restoring and maintaining ecosystem function in the face of rapid environmental change.
These sources were identified via Google Scholar, using these search terms: 'novel ecosystems', 'ecosystems thresholds', 'ecological restoration', 'restoration ecology', 'environmental restoration', 'Anthropocene' and 'new nature(s)'.
Gillson makes broad claims for the use of palaeoecology, such as in guiding restoration ecology through the reconstruction of past species' distributions and the composition of altered communities, and the examples she employs are in themselves sound.
Part I: Seed dispersal and spontaneous colonization, Restoration Ecology 15: 88-96.
Key words: restoration ecology miombo ecosystem herbivores species diversity vegetation structure.

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