The carpal tunnel is a fibro-osseous outlet lying between the flexor retinaculum
and the carpal bones [Figure 1].
The tibial nerve was exposed at the level of bifurcation of the sciatic nerve and at its terminal division deep to the flexor retinaculum
, between the medial malleolus and medial process of calcaneal tuberosity.
1, metatarsophalangeal digit III joint; 2, dorsal pouch; 3, plantar pouch; 4, joint space; 5, retinaculum
of flexor tendons; 6, cartilage.
Treatment with NSAIDs or corticosteroid injections (see table 1 (2-4) for choices) in the first compartment of the extensor retinaculum
(figure 7) is usually adequate to provide relief.
The wire is maintained firmly tangent to the insertions ends of the extensors retinaculum
and talocalcaneal ligament, checking its position under fluoroscopy (Fig.
The VMO originates from the medial part of the distal end of the femur and adductor tubercle and attaches to the medial patellar retinaculum
and superomedial border of the patella.
Patellar dislocation leads to the ligament rupture, resulting in weakened medial retinaculum
Cilt, cilt alti dokular ve fasya gecildikten sonra inferior peroneal retinaculum
insizyon hattinin ortasinda peroneal tuberkulden olasi bir tendon yaralanmasini onlemek adina siyrildi.
The SPA is formed by superficial branch of ulnar artery passing superficial to flexor retinaculum
and then curving laterally to form an arch, lying just deep to palmar aponeurosis.
At the ankle, the nerve passes under the flexor retinaculum
and divides into medial and lateral planter nerve after giving a calcaneal branch (Figure 2).
Imbalanced forces exerted on patella by VMO and VL, improper activation time, tightness of lateral retinaculum
, hypermobile patella and abnormal patellar tracking due to structural malalignment in lower extremity are the most important internal factors.
Su origen fue el tercio medio proximal de la tibia y fibula, se inclino medialmente, paso en dorsal del tarso, donde lo sujeto un retinaculum
propio y finalmente se inserto por un tendon en la primera falange del dedo II.