"For people with diabetes, autonomous AI systems have the potential to improve earlier detection of diabetic retinopathy
, and thereby lessen the suffering caused by blindness and visual loss," the study authors added.
Proseena koncentracija HbA1c (%) u krvi u odnosu na grupe: WDR, NPDR, PDR Legend: WDR - without diabetic retinopathy
; NPDR - non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy
; PDR - proliferative diabetic retinopathy
; HbA1c - glycosylated hemoglobin Legenda: WDR - bez dijabetesne retinopatije; NPDR - neproliferativna dijabetesna retinopatija; PDR - proliferativna dijabetesna retinopatija; HbA1c - glikozilirani hemoglobin WDR 7,95 NPDR 8,15 PDR 8,48 Note: Table made from bar graph.
The photos were checked for four types of retinopathy
: arteriovenous nicking, focal arteriolar narrowing, retinal microaneurysms, and retinal hemorrhage.
as a term means any abnormality of the retina," says Dr Muhammad Hamed Farooqi, Director and Consultant Endocrinologist, Dubai Diabetes Centre.
In cases in which the images are of sufficient quality, the software provides the doctor with one of two results: "More than mild diabetic retinopathy
detected; refer to an eye care professional" or "Negative for more than mild diabetic retinopathy
; rescreen in 12 months."
IDx-DR correctly identified more than mild diabetic retinopathy
87.4 percent of the time and correctly identified patients who did not have more than mild diabetic retinopathy
89.5 percent of the time.
A clinical trial of the device's effectiveness -- based on images from 900 patients with diabetes -- found it could correctly identify more than mild diabetic retinopathy
87 percent of the time, and patients who did not have more than mild diabetic retinopathy
90 percent of the time.
Conclusion: Majority of diabetic patients had some form of diabetic retinopathy
at the time of presentation to the ophthalmologists.
When the findings were taken together, the patient was diagnosed with solar retinopathy
due to the characteristic symptoms and bilateral findings present after an episode of sun gazing.
Compared to people without diabetes, patients with diabetic retinopathy
were 31% more likely to fall, the study also found.
KEY WORDS: Retinopathy
; Risk Factors; Screening; Visual Function