is associated with Southeast Asian varieties of English, even though, in these countries, it is the normal realization of alveolar consonants, and not an allophone as in Orkney.
Abbreviations EOT: Eesophageal opening ERT: Epiglottic retroflexion
FEES: Flexible endoscopic evaluations of swallowing FLASH: Fast low-angle shot GCT: Glottal closure LAT: Laryngeal ascent LDT: Laryngeal descent MRI: Magnetic resonance imaging OOT: Oro-velar opening OTT: Oro-velar transit PCT: Pharyngeal constriction PDT: Pharyngeal delay PTT: Pharyngeal transit SFT: Vallecular and piriform sinus filling VCT: Velo-pharyngeal closure.
The most common causes of complications during ETs are cervical stenosis, acute anteflexion, retroflexion
of uterus, presence of large uterine or cervical polyp or fibroid.
Poor matching of the probe size to the patient, excessive anteflexion or retroflexion
of the probe tip and locking the position of the tip can increase the risk of trauma.
8.3.109 s[a.bar]tpad[a.bar]dyoh negates retroflexion
of the initial s of a pada where retro-flexion would otherwise occur after a simple vowel other than a or [a.bar] located in a prior compound element by A.
Research presented at the American College of Gastroenterology annual meeting in October 2010 suggests that an endoscopic technique known as retroflexion
, which involves angling the tip of the endoscope upwards in order to better visualize the proximal side of the colon, may aid in better identification.
SAN ANTONIO--In a prospective study of 1,000 colonoscopy patients, the use of retroflexion
in the right colon identified an additional 68 polyps in 58 patients, and 24 of these patients were negative for any polyps on a forward-only exam.