retrolental fibroplasia


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Acronyms.
Related to retrolental fibroplasia: kernicterus, absorption atelectasis, retinopathy of prematurity

retrolental fibroplasia

[¦re·trə¦lent·əl ‚fī·brə′plā·zhə]
(medicine)
An oxygen-induced disease of the retina in premature infants characterized by formation of an opaque membrane behind the lens of the eye.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
From the early 1940s to the early 1950s, the number of premature infants who had visual impairments that were due to retrolental fibroplasia (now called retinopathy of prematurity, or ROP) increased in epidemic proportions (Silverman, 2000).
Later in my experience in the special care nursery I learned about premature babies and retrolental fibroplasia, now called (ROP) retinopathy of prematurity.
Patz's accomplishments include the discovery of the cause of one of the most common factors in childhood blindness at the time: retrolental fibroplasia (now known as retinopathy of prematufity or ROP).
Low vision Participant Gender Age Age of onset or blind Mobility 1 Female 35 Not available Blind Dog 2 Female 35 Birth Blind Dog 3 Male 34 6 months Blind Dog 4 Male 43 19 years Low vision Cane 5 Female 26 Birth Low vision Cane 6 Female 41 18 months Blind Dog 7 Male 24 Birth Blind Cane 8 Male 47 Birth Low vision None 9 Male 60 6 years Low vision None 10 Male 52 Birth Low vision None 11 Female 55 Birth Blind Dog IogMAR Participant acuity Diagnosis 1 Not available Not available 2 Not available Clouded cornea, microthalmas 3 Not available Retrolental fibroplasia 4 1.