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an inflammation of the dental pulp caused by an infection usually resulting from advanced dental caries. Pulpitis may also be caused by a trauma (for example, fracture of a tooth crown near the pulp) or chemical irritation (acids, formaldehyde). Pulpitis generally develops as an acute process. The principal symptom is sharp intermittent pain that frequently irradiates along the branches of the trigeminal nerve; the pain may simulate disease of the adjacent teeth. When left untreated, pulpitis results in periodontitis.

Treatment involves the complete or partial removal of the pulp after it is devitalized or anesthetized. Pulpitis can sometimes be cured and the pulp preserved if the patient visits a dentist promptly. The final stage of treatment is filling the tooth.

References in periodicals archive ?
They offer a guide to diagnosing reversible pulpitis, irreversible pulpitis, and necrotic pulp; defining and achieving success; clinical procedure; and treatment outcome and prognosis.
Over time, these acids may penetrate to the pulp, triggering transient tooth pain, or reversible pulpitis. The most common organisms include Peptostreptococcus, Bacteroides, Peptococcus, Fusobacterium, and Streptococcus viridans.
The deep carious lesions may cause damage to the dental pulp.1 The diagnosis of pulp vitality has a crucial role prior to planning any kind of pulp treatment procedure.2 Such procedures may be successful only in the case of reversible pulpitis which is diagnosed by pulp vitality testing.1

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