revolution from above


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revolution from above

a revolutionary transformation of society initiated and carried through by the existing rulers of society who maintain their dominant position in the post-revolutionary society A debated example is that of Japan in 1868, when the Meiji Restoration was led by sections of the feudal ruling class who introduced radical changes in Japan's political and economic structure, leading to a process of capitalist industrialization and radical changes in state structure. The term is used by Barrington MOORE, to contrast such revolutions with the more classical conception of revolution from below, in which a previously dominant class is overthrown by a rising class or classes. See also REVOLUTION.
References in periodicals archive ?
Stalin's "revolution from above" in the late 1920s and early 1930s was meant both to address this problem and to transform Soviet society into a modern, industrial state.
Smith ends his story with the beginning of the so-called Great Turn, which has been previously called "the revolution from above." He points out that if one considers the effect of collectivization and industrialization on the economy, social relations, and culture, the term "revolution" appears fully applicable to the period of the Great Turn: as the author suggests, this moment transformed Russia to a greater extent than the October Revolution itself.
This is what I call a revolution from above. Like the socialist system in Scandinavian countries, which if translated in spiritual terms is what the Catholic Social Doctrine is all about.
They believe in a revolution from above, just as Mustafa Kemal AtatE-rk achieved, by relying on a vanguard bureaucratic cadre.
What the radicals did thereafter was to launch a socialist revolution from above, which began in 1953 with a rural class struggle.
A second potential obstacle for Francis is that he, like his predecessors, is promoting a revolution from above. The Vatican II reforms, for example, emerged not from a populist groundswell, but from the preferences of progressive theologians and bishops.
The revolution from above that took place in early July clearly criminalised the Muslim Brotherhood as an entity and an orientation, trying to deny that is a very desperate attempt to gain the best of both worlds, to trample all over the law in the name of political necessity then hang on to the legal framework of things.
The eminent sociologist from Delhi's Jawaharlal Nehru University and author of "The Revolution From Above -- India's Future and Citizen Elite" argues that Sonia's personal charisma and gravitas may still rescue the Congress.
Here there is a real fear that the neoliberal subject is being constructed by a revolution from above rather than below, and public spaces where democracy can be experienced in any meaningful way are being closing down.
Yoder; "Citizenship and Migration Policies under Merkel's Grand Coalition," by Joyce Marie Mushaben; "A 'Women's Revolution from Above'?
The common sense of originalism makes it broadly appealing to Americans, creating a grave impediment to Balkin's revolution from above. Ordinary Americans, when they think about it, take the Constitution seriously, opposing radical devaluations of its text by the living constitutionalists.