revolver


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revolver:

see small armssmall arms,
firearms designed primarily to be carried and fired by one person and, generally, held in the hands, as distinguished from heavy arms, or artillery. Early Small Arms

The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent.
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Revolver

 

an individual, multifiring, rifled handgun with a revolving cylinder-type magazine; designed to hit live targets at a maximum distance of 50 m.

The trigger mechanism of the revolver is connected to the mechanism that revolves the cylinder—when the hammer is cocked or the trigger squeezed, the cylinder turns so that the next bullet lines up with the revolver barrel. The matchlock and flintlock cylinder revolvers of the 16th to 19th centuries in which the cylinder was turned by hand did not become widespread. A practical solution for combining the trigger mechanism and the revolving cylinder was found and implemented in the revolver models of Collier, Marietta, and Shierk from 1810 to 1830. In 1835, S. Colt of the United States invented the percussion-type revolver with an improved percussion slide, which was adopted by many armies.

In the second half of the 19th century the Colt revolver was replaced by revolver models with quick-firing metallic fixed rounds and cylinder capacities of from four to 12 rounds. Revolvers were classified as military, police, civilian, and sport guns. The Russian Army adopted the Smith & Wesson 1871, 1874, and 1880 revolver models, which in the late 19th century were replaced by the Nagant 1895 model. With the appearance and development of automatic pistols, military revolvers were gradually declared obsolete by armies in the first half of the 20th century.

revolver

[ri′väl·vər]
(navigation)
The pair of horizontal angles between three points, as observed at any place on the circle defined by the three points; this is the one situation in which such angles do not establish a fix. Also known as swinger.
(ordnance)
A firearm with a cylinder of several chambers so arranged as to revolve on an axis and be discharged in succession by the same lock.
References in classic literature ?
To the sleeping rugs of the dead raider he drew the corpse, then he fumbled about in the darkness until he had found Mohammed Beyd's revolver. With the weapon in his hand he returned to the side of the dead man, kneeled beside the bedding, and inserted his right hand with the weapon beneath the rugs, piled a number of thicknesses of the closely woven fabric over and about the revolver with his left hand.
This, and Allah, are our witnesses," and they pointed to a revolver in the dead man's hand.
Himself, an excellent revolver shot, would depend upon the smaller weapon at his side.
"You, damn you!" he shouted, whipping out his revolver and firing almost simultaneously with the Swede.
With his left band he dipped into his side pocket, brought out a loose wheat-straw paper and shifted it to his right hand close by the revolver. Again he dipped, transferring to the paper a pinch of brown, flaky tobacco.
"Thank you for your confidence," she breathed softly, resolutely keeping her eyes from measuring the distance to the revolver, and keeping her foot pressed firmly on the bell.
Some of the sailors were drawing the spear from their wounded comrade and, as Clayton approached, he asked if he could borrow a revolver from one of them while he searched the jungle for the professor.
now, of course she would kill him, at two paces!" Suddenly she flung away the revolver.
In two short weeks over a hundred policemen were shot in the legs by their own revolvers. Inspector Jones did not solve the mystery, but it was his idea that finally outwitted Gluck.
I thrust the full, loaded revolver into his hand, fired the last shot in my own, and reloaded.
A moment scarcely had elapsed after Schneider leaped upon Jane Clayton and wrenched the revolver from her hand, when the door of the cabin opened and a tall and half-naked white man stood framed within the portal.
Fogg thought he even heard the crack of revolvers mingling in the din, the rout approached the stairway, and flowed over the lower step.