Rheme

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Related to rhemes: themes, rhymes

Rheme

 

in the theory of the actual division of a sentence, one of the two basic components of an utterance, contrasted to the theme. The rheme, or nucleus, contains the new information of the sentence and represents one of the sentence’s centers of meaning. In the sentence Zhenu on sebe vybral/khoroshuiu (“The wife he chose for himself was a good one”), the rheme is khoroshuiu (“a good one”). The rheme is distinguished by word order and intonation in Slavic and Germanic languages. In many languages there are either morphological means of distinguishing the rheme or special syntactic constructions, such as the French c’est.. qui/que construction. In Russian, the rheme is usually found at the end of a phrase. When word order is changed, the stress of the phrase shifts and falls on the rheme in an intensified form, as when Muzei/zakryt becomes Zakryt muzei (“The museum is closed”).

REFERENCES

Grammatika sovremennogo russkogo lit. iazyka. Moscow, 1970. (Section on word order.)
Raspopov, I. P. Aktual’noe chlenenie predlozheniia. Ufa, 1961.
Adamec, P. Poriadok slov v sovremennom russkom iazyke. Prague, 1966.
Prazhskii lingvisticheskii kruzhok. Moscow, 1967.

T. M. NIKOLAEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
To help Ana improve her themes, Camilo realized he could have advised her to think of ways in which the nouns and processes introduced in her rhemes could be elaborated on in her themes instead of being left aside, as shown below:
I felt like one of my students without the background knowledge or adequate vocabulary knowledge to fully understand the text.' Several participants feared that teachers might veer away from using FLA due to 'poor grammar knowledge.' One of the participants indicated that she 'felt resistant' to FLA because of 'all the potential difficulties and problems' associated with the meta-language (e.g., clause, process, nominalisation, Theme, Rheme, lexical density, experiential meaning, logical meaning, interpersonal meaning, textual meaning).
The thematic system as proposed by Halliday (1985 and 1994) depends on the clause being divided into two main constituents: a theme and a rheme. Since it is possible for a number of clause elements to occupy the first position in a clause, we can identify different types of themes.
In this domain, they are identified structurally by the clausal accent of Cinque (1993) as default rhemes in the most deeply embedded position.
Of the possible rhemes within the boundary, only one is eventually selected as the actual rheme.
translated in the Rhemes Version: 'Husbandes likewise, dwelling with them according to knowledge, as vnto the weaker feminine vessel imparting honour, as it were to the coheires also of the grace of life: that your praiers be not hindered.' What aspect of woman makes her the less firm of the two sexes, what quality of mind in her is different from that of her husband in the eyes of St Peter - and therefore presumably of devout readers - I do not know, and such biblical thoughts do not cloud Robinson's study, who does not refer to this biblical text.
There is of course a vast body of research on the problem of topic, including any number of attempts to analyze sentences and discourses into topics and comments, or themes and rhemes, or presuppositions and focuses.(16) Van Dijk, for example, defines topic (and the related notions episode, theme, and gist) as a "global macroproposition" under which a sequence of subpropositions are subsumed in a way that makes them jointly cohesive ("Episodes" 180).
The experienced group had been climbing up the mountain in a zigzag in the hope of reaching the summit of Punta Palleta in Val Di Rhemes.
Specifically, the Rhemes in clauses #1 (gills), # 2 (tiny blood vessels), # 3 (blood), # 5 (oxygen), # 7 (fins), # 9 (paired), # 14 (scales), and # 15 (hard, thin, overlapping plates that cover the skin) are picked up to become, respectively, the Themes in clauses # 2 (gills), # 3 (the heart), # 4 (blood, which is repeated in clause #5), # 6 (carbon dioxide), # 8 (fins, which is repeated in clause #9), # 10 (those on the top and bottom) and # 11 (those on the side, which is repeated in clause #12), # 15 (scales), and # 16 (these protective plates).
James Ryan, 37 - whose father, Mel, founded Ryans newsagents in Huddersfield - was skiing off-piste in Val di Rhemes with a group of friends and a guide when he was caught in the tumbling snow on Sunday.