Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

(redirected from rhinotracheitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to rhinotracheitis: panleukopenia, calicivirus

Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

 

a viral disease in cattle characterized by general inhibition, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract (respiratory form), and by the development of vesicular inflammation of the genitalia (vaginal form). The disease is widespread in America, Europe, and Oceania. It causes heavy economic losses by reducing the weight and milk production of the animals; it also has a high death rate (about 50 percent). Young animals (over one year) are most susceptible to the disease. Infection occurs mainly through the respiratory tract. It generally occurs on feedlots (25–40 days after cattle are placed on full feed) and on dairy farms. The principal symptoms are discharge from the nose and vagina, cough, and copious tearing. The diagnosis is based on the results of clinical, epizootological, and virological studies. There is no specific therapy. Prevention and control require vaccination, quarantine, and disinfection.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Recovery rate and plasma zinc and copper concentrations of steer calves fed organic and inorganic zinc and manganese sources with or without injectable copper and challenged with infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus.
Moose were negative for antigens against Brucella, Leptospira, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, parainfluenza-3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus.
A few countries are now close to eradication of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and herds may soon have to prove that they are free from IBR in order to gain access to export markets.
avium is pathogenic for birds, including poultry, and causes coryza or rhinotracheitis in turkeys.
DISC-BHV is a vaccine which is designed for the prevention of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, an upper respiratory tract infection in cattle, caused by the bovine herpes virus.
We thought pneumonia was a major problem in our feedlot, but after working with our vet, we discovered it was actually IBR and RSV [infectious bovine rhinotracheitis and respiratory syncytial virus].
He said the farmers involved had blood tested their cattle for Johne's disease, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, bovine virus diarrhoea, and leptospirosis and the animals have been in quarantine while the breed society liaised with the National Assembly's animal health division on the necessary legislation.
Turkey rhinotracheitis in France: preliminary investigations on a ciliostatic virus.
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) is the most common of the three viruses which cause respiratory disease in cattle.
RSV is in the genus Pneumovirus, and the new virus, although related to RSV, is more closely related to avian pneumovirus serotype C (previously known as turkey rhinotracheitis virus) (4), the only other member of the Metapneumovirus genus.
Vaccinations for cats include immunizations against feline panleukopenia (distemper), feline bordatella, rabies, feline rhinotracheitis, calcivirus, chlamydia, feline leukemia and FIP.
DAIRY farmers can now get their bulk tank milk tested for Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) free through the Bayovac IBR Control and Eradication Plan.