Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

(redirected from rhinotracheitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to rhinotracheitis: panleukopenia, calicivirus

Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis

 

a viral disease in cattle characterized by general inhibition, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract (respiratory form), and by the development of vesicular inflammation of the genitalia (vaginal form). The disease is widespread in America, Europe, and Oceania. It causes heavy economic losses by reducing the weight and milk production of the animals; it also has a high death rate (about 50 percent). Young animals (over one year) are most susceptible to the disease. Infection occurs mainly through the respiratory tract. It generally occurs on feedlots (25–40 days after cattle are placed on full feed) and on dairy farms. The principal symptoms are discharge from the nose and vagina, cough, and copious tearing. The diagnosis is based on the results of clinical, epizootological, and virological studies. There is no specific therapy. Prevention and control require vaccination, quarantine, and disinfection.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
caninum, Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus and Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis virus at pregnancy testing and reproductive performance in beef herds.
(2011) Protection from persistent infection with a bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type 1b strain by a modified-live vaccine containing BVDV types 1a and 2, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, parainfluenza 3 virus and bovine respiratory syncytial virus.
To verify seroconversion to gE, serum samples were tested by a commercial anti-gE antibody ELISA test (Bovine Rhinotracheitis Virus gE Antibody Test, IDEXX, The Netherlands).
Among the significant ones are Foot and Mouth disease, Blue-tongue, Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Haemorrhagic septicemia, Black quarter, Anthrax, Tuberculosis, Paratuberculosis, Rabies, Sheep and goat pox, Equine influenza, Newcastle disease, Fowl pox, Marek's disease, Infectious bursal disease, Egg drop syndrome, Infectious bronchitis, Avian infectious anemia, Infectious pericardium, Reo-viral arthritis, Inclusion body hepatitis etc.
The pathogenesis of turkey rhinotracheitis virus in turkey poults inoculated with the virus alone or together with two strains of bacteria.
It also approved a Commission proposal easing restrictions on the movement of cattle within the EU, imposed because of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis.
Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus and its role in bovine abortion.
Blood was analyzed for the presence of antigens against Leptospira, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, bovine viral diarrhea virus, parainfluenza-3 virus, and bovine respiratory syncytial virus in 2005; analysis was conducted for Brucella abortus in 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) account for the majority (90 percent) of cases, with Chlamydia psittaci and Mycoplasma playing lesser roles.
Examples of herpesviruses in animals include bovine herpesvirus 1 (causes infectious bovine rhinotracheitis), porcine herpesvirus 1 (causes pseudorabies), equine herpesvirus 1 (causes abortion), canine herpesvirus 1 (causes a severe hemorrhagic disease in puppies), feline herpesvirus 1 (causes feline viral rhinotracheitis and keratitis), and duck herpesvirus 1 (causes duck plague).