Ricksha

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ricksha

 

(also rickshaw, jinrikisha), a light two-wheeled carriage drawn by a man between two shafts. The ricksha was patented in Japan in 1867 by J. Goble, an American. In the early 20th century rickshas came into wide use in East and South Asia. In the 1930’s the pedicab came into use; it consisted of a bicycle attached to the body of the ricksha, like a motorcycle with a sidecar.

The labor of ricksha drivers is exhausting, and the drivers’ mortality rate is high. These laborers are mercilessly exploited by the entrepreneurs who own the vehicles.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
For many drivers, going electric is an upgrade from the old-fashioned cycle rickshaws they once pedalled.
Over 80000 rickshaws are plying in Peshawar city out of which over 50000 are illegal.
LECTRIC rickshaws have been given the go-ahead to come to Cardiff.
The secretary transport has directed officials to seize Qingqi rickshaws which were failed to obtain road permit and registering their rickshaws.
According to police, all of the deceased were travelling in the rickshaw. The injured were initially shifted to a local rural health centre before they were shifted to hospitals in Sanghar and Nawabshah.
It stated that 60 percent of city-dwellers use rickshaw for commuting.
Flanked by representatives of local traders, including Badar Zaman, Amanullah Khan and Izat Khan, he referred to a media report quoting the excise and taxation department to register all the unregistered rickshaws in Peshawar and said that the local transporters and traders would oppose such a step.
According to SHO Hidayat Hussain Shah, the rickshaw driver in his initial statement to the police said that he decided to set his rickshaw on fire following the frequent suspension of the supply of the CNG, adding that his house's owner is repeatedly demanding rent for the two months but he is reluctant to pay the rent from the last two months only because of the regular basis shortage of the CNG as rickshaw is only an option to run the family.
The brother of Rickshaw driver told the media men, 'Shahid [rickshaw driver] was occupied in the preparations for his marriage and he is a man who has never been involved in any brawl with anyone.'
The victim rickshaw driver Usman lodged a strong protest that the traffic wardens deployed at the Qurban Lines stopped his rickshaw only but allowed other vehicles to go when they equally violated traffic signal.
Sweating profusely on a searing hot day, his singlet soaked and face dripping, Ansari skilfully weaves his rickshaw through crowded markets and bumper-to-bumper traffic.
I envisioned my rides to and from school on a hand-pulled rickshaw in Kolkata, singing aloud with my two school mates, as we felt the breeze on our faces, talking incessantly and feeling the ground beneath our feet (which was the metallic floor of the rickshaw), heave and sway with the rhythm of the wheels.