rig


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rig

1. Nautical the distinctive arrangement of the sails, masts, and other spars of a vessel
2. Chiefly US and Canadian an articulated lorry

Rig

 

the totality of sails, spars, and rigging of a sailing vessel. Rigs are defined by the type of sails; that is, there are square rigs, fore-and-aft rigs, and combination rigs. They are further classified according to the arrangement of spars and sails, yielding such types as the lug rig, the sprit rig, the gaff rig, and the divided rig. Varieties such as the lateen rig, Bermuda rig, and Portuguese rig are associated with particular regions. (Sail plans for various rigs are shown in Figure 1.) A rig may also be named for the type of vessel on which it is used, for example, bark or yawl rig. A fully square-rigged vessel, such as a brig, frigate, or ship, carries square sails on all masts; vessels with fore-and-aft rigs, such as ketches, yawls, and schooners, ordinarily carry only fore-and-aft sails. There are also vessels with combination rigs. These include topsail schooners, brigantines, barkentines, and barks, which may set both square and fore-and-aft sails, from the same or from different masts.

Figure 1. Various sailing rigs: (a) square rig with five yards; (b-g) fore-and-aft rigs, including (b) gaff rig, (c) lug rig, (d) sprit rig, (e) Portuguese rig, (f) lateen rig, (g) Bermuda rig

The type of rig determines a vessel’s sailing qualities and maneuverability, influencing the ability to catch the wind, sail upwind, or lie to. It also determines such handling characteristics as the ease with which sails may be set, struck, or trimmed for a change of course or for tacking to windward.

rig

[rig]
(mechanical engineering)
A tripod, derrick, or drill machine complete with auxiliary and accessory equipment needed to drill.
(naval architecture)
The method according to which spars and sails are designed and fitted.

rig

Equipment; hardware; gear. The phrase "what's in this rig?" means what does this equipment contain.
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