rigging


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rigging,

the wires, ropes, and chains employed to support and operate the masts, yards, booms, and sails of a vessel. Standing rigging is semipermanent, consisting mainly of mast supports, the fore-and-aft stays, and the stays running from the masthead to each side of the vessel. Running rigging includes the ropes, blocks, and other apparatus needed to brace the yards, make or take in sails, and hoist cargo.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rigging

 

(1) The ropes and lines aboard a vessel used to support spars, hoist cargo, and handle sails. Standing rigging, which includes shrouds and stays, serves to secure spars, including masts and topmasts. Both ends of a line of the standing rigging, which may consist of a steel cable, chain, or rod with a turnbuckle, are permanently fastened. Running rigging is used to hoist and lower signals, ship’s boats, booms, and cargo; on sailing vessels it is used to handle the sails and the movable spars. One end of the line of the running rigging is usually made of cable or chain and fastened either permanently or to a movable element, such as a cargo hook; the other end of the line is pulled by a traction mechanism or is fastened temporarily. On sailing vessels, the running rigging for handling movable spars includes halyards for hoisting yards, braces for swinging and trimming yards horizontally, and lifts for raising or lowering yards; the running rigging for handling sails includes halyards, sheets, brails, and tacks. The strength and operating condition of lines in the important parts of rigging used in cargo hoists and shipboard safety equipment, such as mooring or life-saving gear, are prescribed by classification societies.

(2) Cables, slings, and chains used in combination with hoisting gear to lift heavy loads and equipment for assembly, construction, and other operations.

E. G. LOGVINOVICH

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

rigging

[′rig·iŋ]
(aerospace engineering)
The shroud lines attached to a parachute.
(naval architecture)
Collectively, all the ropes and chains employed to support and work the masts, yards, booms, and sails of a vessel.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

stage rigging

Collectively, the ropes, wires, blocks, pulleys, pins, counterweights, winches, and other pieces of stage equipment required for the movement of scenery from overhead.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rigging

The final adjustment and alignment of an aircraft and its flight control systems to provide the proper aerodynamic reaction. See rigging position.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

rigging

1. the shrouds, stays, halyards, etc., of a vessel
2. the bracing wires, struts, and lines of a biplane, balloon, etc.
3. any form of lifting gear, tackle, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(And, for the record, here are the other voices: Tray Allen on "Lighting Truss," Karen Butler on "Counterweight Rigging," Stu Cox on "Aerialist Rigging," Scott Fisher on "Stage Automation," Dan Culhane on "Mechanics of Stage Automation," Eddie Raymond on "Training in the 21st century (US version)," Chris Higgs on "Training in the 21st century (UK version)," Bill Sapsis on "Working Safely at Height," and Carla D.
While the system of expert talks at rigging workshops has done a great job of putting rigging experts at the top of their game in front of working riggers hungry for new knowledge and skills, it has not helped get their presentations published.
That is probably nowhere more apparent than in the two that address aerial performers, "Performer Flying" and "Aerialist Rigging." While developing from different performance traditions (theatre and circus) and employing different specialized hardware, both traditions share the unique issues of performer safety, dynamic loading, and safety factors that are different from flying an inanimate truss rig or a piece of scenery.
Also sadly missing from this book are full rigging system photos or diagrams that would help contextualize the descriptions of counterweight rigging systems, arena rigging systems, aerial rigging systems, or outdoor roof systems.
Carbon fibre rigging is not as light as PBO but it still offers a large weight saving when compared to nitronic rod.
A further development of Southern Spar's carbon rigging is Element C6+.
Composite rigging offers performance benefits for racing sailors and cruising sailors alike.