rinderpest


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rinderpest

or

cattle plague,

an acute and highly infectious viral disease of cattle. It less frequently affects other ruminants, such as sheep, goats, and wild game. After an incubation period of three to nine days, a wide variety of symptoms may appear, including fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes, particularly the intestines, discharges from the eyes and nose, dehydration, and skin eruptions on the back and flanks. Death comes after four to eight days. Long dreaded in Eurasia because of its ability to kill entire populations of cattle, it was accidentally introduced into Africa in the late 19th cent.

Rinderpest was long controlled largely by destroying infected animals, but an effective and economical vaccine was developed in the 1950s and 60s by British veterinary scientist Walter Plowright. By the 1980s, rinderpest occurred primarily in N and E Africa and SW and S Asia as a result of eradication efforts. A global eradication program was begun in 1994 by the Food and Agriculture Organization, which confirmed in 2011 that the disease had been eradicated worldwide.

rinderpest

[′rin·dər‚pest]
(veterinary medicine)
An acute, contagious, and often fatal virus disease of cattle, sheep, and goats which is characterized by fever and the appearance of ulcers on the mucous membranes of the intestinal tract.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Almost instantaneously, rinderpest swept away the wealth of tropical Africa," wrote John Reader in his book Africa: A Biography of a Continent.--
The extent of livestock movements and the limits of colonial power to limit them are revealed by rinderpest and its control.
His fortunes, first disrupted by the Rinderpest, seem to have been dealt another blow by the extraordinary fall of snow in southern Lesotho during June 1902, which killed thousands of cattle and sheep.
Organizational structures to enact statues and provide committed to establish a comprehensive national campaign for diagnosis and control of emergency diseases similar to that developed for control of Rinderpest, Foot and Mouth disease and Avian influenza.
Employed by the colonial service, he was posted to Ghana, where he set up a vaccination centre to tackle the disease Rinderpest, which was decimating cattle herds.
The introductory section is followed by some discussion of the European historiography, where infections such as the cattle disease rinderpest have featured strongly.
The Meat Board will also supply financing for the compiling of dossiers for the International Animal Health Organisation to declare Namibia free from rinderpest (small stock), lung sickness (cattle), Rift Valley fever, brucellosis and tuberculosis.
The decision was based on the reports of the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) which stated that Sudan is free of the Rift Valley fever and Rinderpest, besides the recommendation of the OIE technical team that visited Sudan recently.
The campaign -- which is targeting foot-and-mouth disease, lumpy skin disease and ovine rinderpest -- began last summer and has so far managed to reach 70 percent of the estimated livestock in Lebanon.
Jeddah, April 4 (SUNA) The general corporation for food and medicine has lifted its temporary ban on the importation of the chilled and frozen breed of cows, sheep, goats, and their products from Sudan , the lift of the ban was taken according to the reports of world organizations for animal health OIE (Office International des Epizooties - OIE) that provide that Sudan was free of disease and Rift Valley fever, rinderpest, and the recommendation of the technical team that visited the Sudan and recommended the lift of the temporary ban imposed on the import of meats from the Sudan.
In Namibia, the rinderpest episode of 1897 plays an important role in understanding the environmental antecedent to Namibia's genocide.