river engineering


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river engineering

[′riv·ər ‚en·jə‚nir·iŋ]
(civil engineering)
A branch of transportation engineering consisting of the physical measures which are taken to improve a river and its banks.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

River engineering

A branch of civil engineering that involves the control and utilization of rivers for the benefit of humankind. Its scope includes river training, channel design, flood control, water supply, navigation improvement, hydraulic structure design, hazard mitigation, and environmental enhancement. River engineering is also necessary to provide protection against floods and other river disasters. The emphasis is often on river responses, long-term and short-term, to changes in nature, and stabilization and utilization, such as damming, channelization, diversion, bridge construction, and sand or gravel mining. Evaluation of river responses is essential at the conceptual, planning, and design phases of a project and requires the use of fundamental principles of river and sedimentation engineering. See Canal, Dam

McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Engineering. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The team of specialized engineers and technicians at the engineering center used models of the Mississippi River to solve a number of river engineering issues, including dredging.
Wales, in particular, has undergone major river engineering works because of historic flooding problems affecting towns and cities.
The micro model showed that numerous designs using traditional river engineering concepts would greatly reduce dredging.
In the remainder of the range, 85% of wild Atlantic salmon populations are categorised as vulnerable, endangered, or critical.According to the study-team led by Henning Ried of WWF-Norway, the five major threats to these populations are: over-fishing, which reduces stocks to below critical levels; dams and other man-made obstructions that impede salmon migration; river engineering projects that degrade habitat and alter natural ecological processes; pollution from industry and agriculture; and commercial salmon farming, which results in erosion of the gene pool through inter-breeding with escapees, and the spread of diseases.