rock garden


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rock garden,

garden planned around natural rock formations or rocks artificially arranged to simulate natural (often mountainous) conditions. The concept of rock gardens is believed to have been introduced from China and Japan into the Western world in the 17th cent.; they have since gained wide popularity as an ideal method for the cultivation of mountain flora and for beautifying hilly, stony, or other awkward terrain. Rock plants usually have long roots that enable them to obtain moisture even when the surface is hot and dry. Low plants requiring well-drained conditions are suited to rock gardens: besides alpine plantsalpine plants,
high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens.
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, these include stonecrops and species of columbine, phlox, bluebell, and rockrose.

Bibliography

See E. B. Anderson, Rock Gardens (1964), and H. L. Foster, Rock Gardening (1968).

Rock Garden

 

a section in a botanical garden, square, or park where mountain (alpine) plants are grown. Rock gardens in botanical gardens are set up on artificial hills where the flora of mountain regions are exhibited. The rock gardens in the botanical gardens in the USSR—for example, the Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University in Moscow and the Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences in Kiev—primarily exhibit plants of forest, subalpine, and alpine belts of the mountains of the Soviet Union (Carpathians, Caucasus, Altai, etc.). There are large rock gardens in Great Britain—the Botanical Garden in Edinburgh and the Royal Botanical Garden in Kew; in Czechoslovakia (near Prague); in Austria (Innsbruck); and other countries. Rock gardens are also used for decorating parks and squares. Usually small plants with abundant and pretty flowers are selected for this purpose: bellflowers, asters, pinks, dwarf phlox, anemones, and many others as well as low bushes, such as thujas, cypresses, junipers, rhododendrons, and so forth.

G. I. CHERKASOVA

rock garden

a garden featuring rocks or rockeries
References in periodicals archive ?
The Rock Garden became hugely popular --it is said that in India only the Taj Mahal attracts more visitors.
Nek Chand would always be remembered by one and all for his masterpiece creation of Rock Garden in City Beautiful, which was an example of his creativity, aesthetics, hard work and zeal to serve society in his own unique way.
It is probably that juxtaposition that attracts so many people to rock gardens.
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The Alpine Garden Society's editor/former research botanist, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, assures gardeners that rock gardens do not require boulders or plants that only come from alpine areas.
More recently, we have initiated a program to collect hundreds of soil samples from different rock garden classes in different geologic and climatic settings to evaluate the effects of cultural and natural processes.
A brief on Page B3 on Sunday mistakenly said the presentation was affiliated with the Emerald Chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society.
A well-laid out rock garden with the correct arrangement of rocks and plants can bring great pleasure for many years.
Palakkad (Kerala), Nov 24 (ANI): When we talk about a rock garden, the first picture that comes to mind is Chandigarh's famous rock garden.
To give the rock garden a special look, spread a layer of horticultural grip between the plants.
MKDA also created a rock garden on the second floor and an interior staircase, which replaced some of MKDA's original, award-winning designs.