rock garden

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rock garden,

garden planned around natural rock formations or rocks artificially arranged to simulate natural (often mountainous) conditions. The concept of rock gardens is believed to have been introduced from China and Japan into the Western world in the 17th cent.; they have since gained wide popularity as an ideal method for the cultivation of mountain flora and for beautifying hilly, stony, or other awkward terrain. Rock plants usually have long roots that enable them to obtain moisture even when the surface is hot and dry. Low plants requiring well-drained conditions are suited to rock gardens: besides alpine plantsalpine plants,
high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens.
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, these include stonecrops and species of columbine, phlox, bluebell, and rockrose.


See E. B. Anderson, Rock Gardens (1964), and H. L. Foster, Rock Gardening (1968).

Rock Garden


a section in a botanical garden, square, or park where mountain (alpine) plants are grown. Rock gardens in botanical gardens are set up on artificial hills where the flora of mountain regions are exhibited. The rock gardens in the botanical gardens in the USSR—for example, the Main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University in Moscow and the Botanical Garden of the Ukrainian SSR Academy of Sciences in Kiev—primarily exhibit plants of forest, subalpine, and alpine belts of the mountains of the Soviet Union (Carpathians, Caucasus, Altai, etc.). There are large rock gardens in Great Britain—the Botanical Garden in Edinburgh and the Royal Botanical Garden in Kew; in Czechoslovakia (near Prague); in Austria (Innsbruck); and other countries. Rock gardens are also used for decorating parks and squares. Usually small plants with abundant and pretty flowers are selected for this purpose: bellflowers, asters, pinks, dwarf phlox, anemones, and many others as well as low bushes, such as thujas, cypresses, junipers, rhododendrons, and so forth.


rock garden

a garden featuring rocks or rockeries
References in periodicals archive ?
Nek Chand would always be remembered by one and all for his masterpiece creation of Rock Garden in City Beautiful, which was an example of his creativity, aesthetics, hard work and zeal to serve society in his own unique way.
The Rock Garden captures the best dynamics of nature and this is an amazing example of geological heritage.
The Alpine Garden Society's editor/former research botanist, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, assures gardeners that rock gardens do not require boulders or plants that only come from alpine areas.
A number of hardy succulents such as adeniums, echinocactus, aloes, sedums, crassulas and yuccas may be conveniently used in rock gardens.
The Malampurzha Rock Garden, located in Kerala's Palakkad District, attracts few visitors due to its inaccessibility and dilapidated condition.
This not only looks attractive and makes the rock garden look more 'natural', but it also prevents soil splashing onto the plants.
The Tour: The tasting room is located in a restored warehouse with a rock garden in Portland's industrial district, which is teeming with hip galleries (local artists also exhibit at the winery) and nightspots.
Water hanging baskets and containers daily to stop them drying out Prune early-flowering shrubs such as lilac and deutzia Make a sowing of winter-flowering pansies for display next winter or spring Remove growing points from early peas which have finished flowering to concentrate energies on pod production Boost gladioli with a liquid feed Remove young green gooseberries for cooking or preserving, leaving enough to mature for dessert n Cut back rock plants after flowering and trim invasive plants in rock garden n Deadhead roses to encourage repeat flowering unless being grown for the colour and profusion of their hips n Take cuttings of carnations, fuchsias, herbs and shrubs to root in greenhouse
Farrer made his not in his spate of novels but in My Rock Garden (1907), Alpines and Bog-Plants (1908), In a Yorkshire Garden (1909), Among the Hills: A Book of Joy in High Places (1911), The Rock Garden (1912), On the Eaves of the World: A Botanical Exploration of the Borders of China and Tibet (1917), and his magisterial, encyclopedic, two-volume work, The English Rock Garden (1919).
IF YOU have ever needed alpine plants for a rock garden, alpine planter or sink garden, use a specialist nursery.
The LA-based artist's freewheeling sense of humor is everywhere evident in his installation Proposal for a Monument in Friendship Park, Jacksonville, FL, 2000, where a Noguchi rock garden improbably spreads out before a down-home front porch, to the strains of Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Sweet Home Alabama.