roe deer

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roe deer

roe deer, small, short-horned deer, Capreolus capreolus, of Britain and Europe and as far east as China and Siberia. Its coat is golden red in summer, darkening to brown or even black in winter, with lighter undersides and a white rump patch. It stands from 26 to 30 in. (66–76.2 cm) at the shoulder and has small three-pronged horns. Roe deer are widely distributed in woods near fields and wooded valleys. They are nocturnal animals, traveling alone or in families and browsing on grass, leaves, and young shoots. The polygamous males fight over territory in early summer and rut in early fall. Females give birth the following June, usually to two spotted kids of opposite sexes. Roe deer often leave behind in the forest trampled areas in the shape of a figure-eight. Called roe rings, they are made during courtship rituals when the male chases the female, and also by the young at play. Roe deer are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Roe Deer


(Capreolus capreolus), an even-toed ungulate of the family Cervidae. The body length may reach 150 cm; the animal stands 100 cm high at the shoulder. The male weighs up to 55 kg; the female weighs somewhat less. The animal has a light and slender frame. The tail is short and hidden in the hairs. The male has antlers with three, sometimes four, tines; the female has no antlers. The summer coat is reddish, and the winter coat is gray with a lighter underside. The light hairs on the rump around the tail form a “mirror.”

The roe deer is distributed in most of Europe, the western part of Southwest Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the mountains of Southern Siberia, Mongolia, and the Far East (in the north to 60°N lat.). It lives in sparse forests from the coastal plains to the alpine belt, in the forest steppe, and sometimes in rushes. It feeds on grass, leaves, and the shoots of bushes and trees. In the winter it sometimes feeds on lichens and mosses. The roe deer mates in August to October. The female gives birth to two or three young in May or June. The main enemy is the wolf. The roe deer is sought commercially for its meat, hide, and antlers.


Mlekopitaiushchie Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 1, part 2. Moscow, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
To estimate the roe deer population density and size within the study area, we carried out drive counts for three years (2014-2016).
Underlying assumptions were that SNT-confirmed roe deer cases had been infected with TBEV, and that there was no effect of hunter participation level.
Using these values, the frequently observed roe deer habitat threshholds were then identified using the cluster and regression tree (CART) method.
Roe deer's most parsimonious model consisted of three variables (shrub, coniferous and random covariate; K = 3, [[omega].sub.i] = 0.305, Table 2).
According to the descriptions of previous articles and photographs, the caudodorsal margin or the caudal margin of the CCG was parallel to the internal carotid artery in the yak white yak, pig, and roe deer. Habel in the dissection of domestic ruminants described that the internal carotid artery runs dorsally and caudomedially to the CCG in domestic ruminants.
There are some studies about the cranial cervical ganglion in roe deer (Kabak and Onuk 2010; Duzler et al., 2015).
Roe deer are said to be secretive animals which tend to stick to cover when possible and try and avoid people.
For shooting roe deer centerfire .22 cartridges are acceptable with minimum 50-grain bullet, 2,450 fps muzzle velocity, and 1,000 ft-lbs of muzzle energy.
It is estimated that to maintain the population at its present level it will be necessary to cull 75,000 muntjac, or roe deer, each year.
Roe deer Fairly small deer, they are indigenous to Britain and migrated into Wales in the early 1970s.
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Great spotted woodpeckers, nutchatch, siskins, crossbills and treecreepers have been visit the gardens while badgers, roe deer, Muntjac and red deer, can be seen in the Deer Park, a two acre patch of untamed Chase forest that comes with the property.