rose of Jericho

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Related to rose of Jericho: Anastatica hierochuntica

rose of Jericho,

common name for two plants belonging to different families in the plant kingdom. One, an annual desert plant (Anastatica hierochuntica) of the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustardmustard,
common name for the Cruciferae, or Brassicaceae, a large family chiefly of herbs of north temperate regions. The easily distinguished flowers of the Cruciferae have four petals arranged diagonally ("cruciform") and alternating with the four sepals.
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 family), is native to Asia Minor. It is a resurrection plantresurrection plant,
name for several plants, usually of arid regions, that may apparently be brought back to life after they are dead. In reality they have hygroscopic qualities which cause them to curl up when dry and to unfold when moist.
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. The branches curl into a ball at maturity, after which the plant, in its native habitat, is blown about by the wind and the seeds are dispersed. The other, Odontospermum pygmaeum, is native to the same region and also called rose of Jericho because of its similar properties. It is a member of the family Asteraceae (asteraster
[Gr.,=star], common name for the Asteraceae (Compositae), the aster family, in North America, name for plants of the genus Aster, sometimes called wild asters, and for a related plant more correctly called China aster (Callistephus chinensis
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 family). Both families are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida. The Cruciferae is in the order Capparales (or Brassicales), and the Asteraceae is in the order Asterales.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rose of Jericho


the name for several species of annual desert plants that dry out after the seeds mature and form small balls, which break off from the root and are rolled by the wind (tumbleweed); in damp weather the seeds spill and germinate.

Two species are best known as rose of Jericho. Odontosper-mum pygmaeum (family Compositae) is distributed from the Sahara to Iran. The involucral bracts of the calathide head are hygroscopic and open when moistened. Anastatica hierochuntica (family Cruciferae) grows in Morocco and Southwest Asia. The inflorescence has hygroscopic branches. Miracle-working properties (for example, as an aid in childbirth) were attributed to the latter, which was imported to Russia from Palestine.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his The Herball, or, Generali Historie of Plantes, originally published in 1597, the pre-Linnaean botanist and herbalist John Gerard referred to Anastatica hierochuntica as the "heath rose of Jericho," categorizing it as a heath rather than a mustard or cabbage (family Cruciferae).
Vaguely implicating the commonplace fallacies and unscientific notions surrounding the rose of Jericho at the time, the geographer comments, with reserved disdain, that "the most ridiculous fables were invented respecting this plant, at a period when superstition greedily received them" (Murray, The Encyclopedia 243).
The Penny Cyclopaedia (1839) published by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK), a Whiggish London organization that published popular accounts of scientific information, gives the following botanically informed appraisal of the rose of Jericho: ".their hygrometrical properties cause them to unfold, and to assume something the appearance of a rose" (The Penny Cyclopaedia 105).
Unlike the imaginatively-restrained Murray, the writer elaborates on the significant religious ideas surrounding the rose of Jericho: ".the people of the East have attached the fable that the plant first blossomed at the moment when our Saviour was born" (The Penny Cyclopaedia 105).
(14.) Tamar Manor-Friedman, "The Rose of Jericho: A Dormant Parable," Larry Abramson: The Rose of Jericho, trans.
(15.) Discussed at a symposium, "Art of the Brain," bringing together artists and brain researchers from the Hebrew University's Interdisciplinary Center for Neural Computation, held in Kibbutz Cabri in 2004, where "the scientists find great resemblance between his images of the 'Rose of Jericho' and the form of brain cells." See "Chronology" in Larry Abramson: Paintings 1975-2010 (Tel Aviv Museum of Art, 2010) 335.
Unfortunately, she never did find a living specimen and learned later that her version of the Rose of Jericho actually grew in the Americas.
Rose Of Jericho, dam of 1992 Derby winner Dr Devious, has died at Coolmore Stud due to complications after foaling.
Apart from her week-old foal, Rose Of Jericho leaves behind three other daughters.
Rose Of Jericho has been buried in the mares' graveyard at Coolmore, next to Doff The Derby, dam of 1991 Derby winner Generous.