rose window

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to rose window: Plate tracery, Bar tracery

rose window

rose window, large, stone-traceried, circular window of medieval churches. Romanesque churches of both England and the Continent had made use of the wheel window—a circular window ornamented by shafts radiating from a small center circle; and from this prototype developed the elaborate rose windows. The latter, in their full development, flourished especially in France, where they appear in practically every important Gothic cathedral, either over the center portal of the west front or on at least one of the transept ends. Stained glass was usually placed in them. The early examples, as on the west facade of the cathedral at Chartres (12th–13th cent.), were filled with plate tracery, pierced from a stone slab. With the perfection of bar tracery, the typical rose, as in the cathedral at Reims (13th–14th cent.) and in Notre-Dame de Paris (12th–14th cent.), was filled with numerous radiating bars and intermediate bars, joining to form pointed arches at the outer edge. In the final or flamboyant period the bars were arranged in wavy curves and more intricate patterns. This rich and closely packed tracery, as in the fine transept window of St. Ouen at Rouen, suggests the design of an open rose.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

rose window

A large, circular medieval window, containing tracery arranged in a radial manner.
See also: French window
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rose Window


a circular window found in Romanesque and especially Gothic structures dating from the 12th to the 15th century. The window has a system of stone bars radiating from the center of the circle. “Rose window” is also the term for a similar decorative motif that crowns lancet windows of Gothic buildings.


Dow, H. J. “The Rose Window.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 1957, vol. 20, nos. 3–4, pp. 248–97.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

rose window, Catherine-wheel window, marigold window, wheel window

rose window
A large, circular medieval window, containing tracery disposed in a radial manner.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rose window

a circular window, esp one that has ornamental tracery radiating from the centre to form a symmetrical roselike pattern
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
As I think back to Notre-Dame and its iconic rose window, transcendence and immanence come together in its circle.
The Rose Window is an electric honeycomb structure that was little-explored but Niazi managed to capture its formation.
Buttresses wrap around the church, framing a large recessed arch that contains the main entry and a rose window. Inside, three lancets of a 1926 stained-glass memorial by Tiffany Studios have been relocated to the stair tower, with other stained glass from England and Detroit artists Mary Giovann and Andrew Maglia.
"In the past, access to the Rose Window would have been via a scaffold.
The panels of the antiquated rose window reveals the artists, working from the bottom up, didn't leave enough space for a full panel on top so cut the glass into smaller panels.
One of the adjoining studios retains its original rose window and lofty vault, giving it the character of a deconsecrated chapel, and a new rehearsal space was created on what was formerly a covered roof terrace, employing curved glu-lam beams and an opening to pull in natural light.
This classic Episcopalian cathedral has an exquisite rose window high above its front doors.
"A rose window at Notre Dame Cathedral, a balcony at St.
had a fine rose window. Saint of Naples is a conflation of several
His son, Louis VIII donated the North Rose window. Other gifts came from Ferdinand III and Prince Louis of France.
Set against a magnificent stained-glass rose window and a wail of candlelight, "Richard II" 'is reduced in scale and pageantry but not in impact.