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popular name for the ornamental wood of several species of tropical trees, especially for the heartwood of certain leguminous trees of the genus Dalbergia of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family). Brazilian rosewood, or jacaranda (D. nigra), is one of Brazil's finest woods, important in commerce for 300 years but now close to extinction. It is obtained from the purplish-black heartwood of old trees, is rather oily, fragrant—whence the name—and durable and is used whole or in veneers for piano casings and other kinds of cabinetwork and for tools, instruments, brush backs, and other articles. The oil obtained from the wood and leaves is used in fragrances and soaps. Honduras rosewood (D. stevensonii) is now used chiefly in percussion instruments (e.g., the marimba and the xylophone) where Brazilian rosewood was formerly employed. Among Old World species are the East Indian rosewood, or black rosewood (D. latifolia), which is a deep, rich purple streaked with golden yellow to black, and the very hard African blackwood (D. melanoxylon), which is used as a substitute for ebony. Rosewoods are sometimes used locally for domestic remedies, and several—including trees of other genera also called rosewood—have been introduced into the S United States as ornamentals and for lumber. The genus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the pink or pinkish red wood of various tropical and subtropical trees. Some rosewoods have a fragrance of roses. Rosewood is used as trimming for expensive furniture, musical instruments, and the rooms of a building. It is also used in the manufacture of lathed products. In South America, a source of extremely valuable rosewood is the Brazilian tree Physocalymma scaberrimum of the family Lythraceae. Also valuable are the African Pterocarpus erinaceus, the Southeast Asian Dalbergia latifolia of the family Papilionaceae, and the Australian Dysoxylum fraseranum of the family Meliaceae.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bubinga, African rosewood

A west African wood, light red to violet in color, often with purple stripes, frequently figured; hard, high density; used as interior finish and for decorative paneling.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. the hard dark wood of any of various tropical and subtropical leguminous trees, esp of the genus Dalbergia. It has a roselike scent and is used in cabinetwork
2. any of the trees yielding this wood
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Rosewood Corniche has seen off stiff competition to be recognized as the Middle East's Leading Luxury Hotel and Saudi Arabia's Leading Business Hotel at this year's Middle East World Travel Awards at a ceremony in Dubai this week.
The company has acquired Rosewood Hotels and Resorts for USD229.5m.
"We have always valued the importance of family gatherings and spending quality time with loved ones," said Hans-Peter Leitzke, Managing Director at Rosewood Corniche.
Opening in early 2012, Rosewood Abu Dhabi will be a 34-storey hotel offering approximately 190 spacious guest rooms and suites and approximately 140 serviced residences, all with access to Rosewood's world-class services, a Press statement said.
David joined Fullerton Packaging in North Shields in 1993 as a timber product manufacturer and was employed as a driver when Rosewood acquired the company in 2004.
Santos Rosewood, of the species Machaerium scleroxylon, was introduced to the market as a substitute for Rio Rosewood.
Rosewood has become an endangered timber species in Cambodian due to the loss of forests due to illegal logging.
Rosewood Realty also announced the $1.1 million sale of 1876A Fulton Street in downtown Brooklyn.
'After several months of investigations using undercover agents, they discovered that despite the Minister's latest ban announced recently, the Forestry Commission is still issuing permits to political activists to harvest and export rosewood illegally,' Dr Apaak said.
Under the Culinary Bonding theme, Rosewood Abu Dhabi will offer a progressive sampling of international cuisines, with traditional Middle Eastern fare a highlight.
Forestry Administration Department of Legislation and Enforcement director Suon Sovann said a permanent secretariat, called the National Permanent Secretariat for the Prevention and Interception of Logging, Transporting, Collecting, Storing and Exporting of Rosewood, was established on January 4.