rot

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rot

1. the process of rotting or the state of being rotten
2. something decomposed, disintegrated, or degenerate
3. short for dry rot
4. Pathol any putrefactive decomposition of tissues
5. Vet science a contagious fungal disease of the feet of sheep characterized by inflammation, swelling, a foul-smelling discharge, and lameness
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

rot

[rät]
(materials)
(plant pathology)
Any plant disease characterized by breakdown and decay of plant tissue.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

rot

Decomposition in wood by fungi and other microorganisms; reduces its strength, density, and hardness. Also see brown rot, white rot.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bit rot

Bit rot, also called "format rot," is the inability to access digital data because the file format is obsolete and compatible applications no longer exist to read it. Digital files placed in archival storage are expected to last indefinitely and might not be retrieved until years later. Information saved on obsolete removable media is problematic. Magnetic tape drives are not available for all the myriad formats of the past. In addition, computers no longer come with floppy drives. However, as of 2020, inexpensive floppy drives are available that can be plugged into a PC via the USB port.

The Solution to Digital File Rot
One way to prevent archival bit rot is to be aware of format changes. Whenever a file format has been updated, the application that reads them will also be updated. Within a few years, users should open important documents and save them in the new format. For example, the original .DOC file format created by Microsoft Word in the 1980s became a legacy format after the new .DOCX format debuted in 2007. Because billions of .DOC files exist in the world, Microsoft has continued to support the old format in all subsequent versions of Word, at least for now. However, lesser known products may not provide such extended support. Fortunately, major format changes do not occur frequently. See data rot and software rot.

data rot

The slow deterioration of storage media until the data are no longer readable. Magnetic media are the most susceptible to data rot as their magnetic orientation deteriorates over time. Even solid state and optical media can decay over time. See bit rot and software rot.

link rot

Invalid hyperlinks on the Web. The more years go by, the more link rot because pages are moved to new locations or deleted. See dead link, 404 error, link consistency and Web rage.

software rot

The gradual decline in performance of an application in the computer. Software rot may manifest as slow execution or erratic behavior. Also called "software erosion," "bit rot" and "code rot," it generally occurs for two reasons. The first is bad software design in which the program's own configuration files can become corrupted after extended use. Deleting such files or re-installing the app may solve the problem. The second reason is incompatibility with the environment. Occasionally, a new version of the operating system can cause existing applications to fail or degrade, in which case upgrading the app, if possible, is typically the only solution.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Baldrian, "Degradation of cellulose and hemicelluloses by the brown rot fungus Piptoporus betulinus production of extracellular enzymes and characterization of the major cellulases," Microbiology, vol.
Lee, "Biodecolorization and biodegradation of reactive Levafix Blue E-RA granulate dye by the white rot fungus Irpex lacteus," Journal of Environmental Management, vol.
Enhanced production of laccase enzyme by the white rot fungus pleurotusflorida using response surface methodology.
Decolorization of Heat-Treatment Liquor of waste sludge by a bioreactor using polyurethane foam-immobilized white rot fungus equipped with an ultra-membrane filtration unit.
Isolation, identification, and biochemical characterization of a brown rot fungus capable of textile dye decolorization.
Oxidation of persistent environmental pollutants by a white rot fungus. Science.
Kinetic analysis for biodegradation process of pentachlorophenol in the presence of white rot fungus, Journal of Agro-environmental Science 1: 167-169.
Dr Eastwood, based in the university's College of Science, said: "Sequencing this dry rot fungus could have wide-reaching implications."
If you have a bumper crop, share them with neighbours and friends or, if the variety is a good keeper, store them in a cool, dry place between layers of newspaper to stop any cross-infection of brown rot fungus. Check the stored apples regularly and remove any infected ones.
It is also attempts do find cheaper, environment friendly means of controlling the rot fungus using some medicinal plants.
A ADRIENNE SAYS: This root rot fungus lives on trees and woody shrubs and can affect tree roots if new trees are planted in soil that originally held infected roots and when the shoestring-looking mats of fungus have been left behind to decay.