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A muscle that partially rotates a part of the body on the part's axis.
A device that rotates the plane of polarization of a plane-polarized electromagnetic wave, such as a twist in a waveguide.
A rotating rigid body.
(quantum mechanics)
A molecule or other quantum-mechanical system which behaves as the quantum-mechanical analog of a rotating rigid body. Also known as top.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a mechanical system consisting of a material point of mass μ held by a weightless fixed pivot at a constant distance r from a point O, which is fixed in space and constitutes the center of the rotator.

In classical mechanics, the permitted motion of the rotator is the rotation around the point O with a moment of inertia 7 = μr2. The motion of the rotator occurs in the plane perpendicular to the vector of the angular momentum M of the rotator. The energy of the rotator E = M2.

In quantum mechanics, the states of rotators are characterized by certain discrete values of the square of the orbital angular momentum Ml2 = ħ2l(l + 1) and of the projection of this momentum Mlz = mħ onto the quantization axis z ( ħ is Planck’s constant h divided by 2π), where the quantum number l of the orbital angular momentum can assume any nonnegative whole value 0, 1, 2, … and the magnetic quantum number m for a given l can assume any whole value between – l and +l. The permitted values of the energy of a rotator are E = ħ 2l(l + l)/27; that is, they do not depend on m. Thus, a (21 + l)-fold degeneration of levels occurs by values of the projection of the angular momentum.

The rotator is important as an idealized model used to describe the rotational motion of molecules and nuclei. In particular, the rotator model is used to describe the motion of diatomic molecules in which the distance between the atoms is a quantity that varies comparatively little. The energy states of the rotation of such a molecule as a whole (the rotational spectrum of the molecule) are described by the formula for the energy of a quantum rotator.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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As we apply the rotators, B will gradually be transformed to [U.sup.T] BU, but we will continue to refer to the matrix as B rather than giving it a new name each time we change it.
So, rather than standing around the bench wasting precious time between sets, have your athletes do something very productive and easy to administer--work their external rotators. They should be able to get 3-4 quality sets in for each side before the end of the workout.
Using latching rotators, optical isolators can be placed in devices that were previously "off limits." The rotators will be used for magneto-optic isolators in submarine cable environments and in optical switch and circulator designs.
In a study of the effects of flexibility on a golf swing (Westcott and Ramsden, 2001), it was shown that an improved flexibility in the hip flexors and extensors, shoulder protractors and rotators, and lumbar extensors and rotators, will produce a 5 mph increase in club-head speed.