Ensures that the sender of the routing message
cannot deny having sent the message.
Profile information includes receiving fax number, cover sheet routing message
, cost center reporting data, arid payment information (credit card, or Uncover account).
In the existing method the route from source to destination is obtained using the sequence number and by calculating the hop count of the routing message
, this is done by using a Reactive (On-Demand) Routing Protocol.
11s, identified the mutable and non-mutable fields in the routing message
, protected the non-mutable part using symmetric encryption and authenticated mutable information using Merkle tree.
Hence, an attacker cannot send a routing message
, as it cannot provide authentication code to its neighbor, without compromising a node .
The software instantly determines where each call should be sent--based on routing instructions defined by NDS staff--and issues a routing message
back over the D channel to the same location.
4) The one-hop nodes send routing message
including distance, ID flag and the cluster head information.
In this attack, two nodes collude to create a tunnel with each other and modify the routing messages
to attract all the traffic towards them.
We propose a cross-layer design of peer-to-peer network over mobile ad hoc network which reduces the complexity and removes the duplication of routing messages
gives the efficient results.
Secondly, according to economic considerations, ASes employ different routing policies to control propagation of routing messages
Telemarketers have even adopted new techniques by routing messages
Volkswagen's email servers stop routing messages
automatically half an hour after the end of a working day, and will only start again half an hour before the next one.