Staphylinidae

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Staphylinidae

[‚staf·ə′lin·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The rove beetles, a very large family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Staphylinoidea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Staphylinidae

 

(rove beetles), a family of beetles. The body is usually narrow and elongated, measuring 1.5 to 40 mm in length. The elytra are short and do not cover the last 3–5 abdominal segments. The head, thorax, and abdomen are articulated. The larvae are mobile and have well-developed legs.

Of the more than 30,000 widely distributed species, more than 2,000 occur in the USSR. Rove beetles and their larvae live concealed under stones, in the forest litter, under bark, in fungi, and in the nests of mammals, birds, and ants; they are also commonly found in manure or carrion. The larvae also inhabit the soil. Most species are predators, feeding on insects, insect larvae, and small ticks. A good number are saprophages, and a few are herbivores, constituting minor crop pests. Rove beetles of the genus Paederus contain toxins in their blood and cause local inflammation when crushed on human skin.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Allocation of pederin during lifetime of Paederus rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): evidence for polymorphism of hemolymph toxin.
Rove Beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) in Neotropical riverine landscapes: characterizing their distribution.
Rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) collected during the long term ecological research in a Hungarian oak forest.
The greatest threats to this group of rove beetles, in common with many other insects, are habitat destruction and fragmentation resulting from agricultural intensification, the expansion of infrastructure for housing and the lack of traditional land management.
The density of beetles is low, especially that of rove beetles. 95% of carabid individuals are predators.
What is the basis of pederin polymorphism in Paederus riparius rove beetles? The endosymbiotic hypothesis.
He added that dolichodal, iridomyrmecin, or similar compounds are found also in other insects, such as thrips, stick insects, aphids and rove beetles.
A similar argument applies to invertebrates as well: although rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) are found in many types of decaying organic matter, such as carrion, they do not actually consume carrion, but prefer to feed upon the larvae of muscoid flies (Diptera) (Reed 1958).
322 rove beetles belonging to five subfamilies and 28 morphospecies were collected; and 301 nitidulids belonging to two subfamilies and eight morphospecies were found.
"There is abundant and diverse life underground, with predators including ground beetles, rove beetles, spiders, crickets, and daddy-longlegs."