Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.


spirituous liquor made from fermented sugarcane products. Prepared by fermentation, distillation, and aging, it is made from the molasses and foam that rise to the top of boiled sugarcane juice. Rum, which is produced in Cuba, Brazil, Jamaica, Trinidad, Madagascar, Indonesia, Puerto Rico, and Barbados, is either light- or dark-bodied. The light-bodied rums are drier and come from Spanish-influenced islands, such as Cuba and Puerto Rico. Jamaica is generally thought of as the best producer of the dark, heavy-bodied rum. Naturally colorless, rum acquires by the addition of caramel a rich brown color deepened by storage in casks. Hot rum drinks like grog, popular in areas with cold, damp climates, such as England, are made with dark rum. Light rum is popular in chilled summer drinks like daiquiris and Bacardi cocktails. Rum has been produced in the United States from colonial times and was an economic factor in perpetuating the slave trade.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in antiquity, in certain countries of the East, the name for Rome and, later, the Roman Empire. After the division of the Roman Empire in the fourth century A.D., the name “Rum” referred only to the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantium. At the time of the Seljuk conquest of Asia Minor, the name came to refer to Asia Minor; hence, the Sultanate of Rum, another name for the Sultanate of Konya, or Seljuk Sultanate. After their conquest of Byzantium, the Ottoman Turks used the name “Rum” for the Balkan Peninsula (seeRUMELIA).



a strong alcoholic liquor prepared from rum spirit, which is obtained by fermentation and distillation of juice or waste products (molasses) during the manufacture of sugar from sugarcane. The rum spirit is diluted with distilled water (in the USSR up to a strength of 45 percent by volume), and as much as 1 percent sugar is added to the solution. The obtained mixture (blend) is tinted with burned sugar and poured into oak casks, where it is aged at least four years at 18°-23°C and a relative humidity of 70–80 percent.

Rum is produced in all countries where sugarcane is grown. Rum was first manufactured in the 17th century in the British West Indies. Jamaican rum is an especially well known type and is produced in Jamaica (exported since the 18th century) and on other islands of the West Indies (Cuba, Guadeloupe, and Martinique). In the USSR rum spirit is obtained from the juice of the sugarcane grown in the republics of Middle Asia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


spirit made from sugar cane, either coloured brownish-red by the addition of caramel or by maturation in oak containers, or left white
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(Real User Monitoring) See synthetic performance monitoring.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
TDI will release an initial of 50 cases of Tanduay rum with the name of Bacolod in the label.
Now, we also want to promote the city as the place where our proudly Philippine-made rum products are made," said former Bacolod City councilor Em Ang, who spearheaded the holding of the Rum Festival during her last term in office.
ABLEFORTH'S RUMBULLION (PS35 FOR 70CL, ASDA) Taking its inspiration from Royal Navy "Grog Tubs" with an illustrated barrel on the label, this Caribbean spiced rum (blended in England) is deliciously dark and complex and offers distinct notes of zesty orange, cloves, toffee apples, exotic spices and sweet vanilla notes.
Punching up "The best rum producers are getting seriously creative with their branding, putting time and effort into telling the stories behind the drinks, and convincing people of the quality of what's actually inside the bottle," she adds.
"We're seeing drinkers explore darker rums with real enthusiasm - our top 25-selling rums are currently all dark, golden or spiced," says Amy Matthews, senior brand and content manager at drinks retailer 31DOVER.
Drinks International, a global spirits market think tank, said in its latest ranking of brands that sell at least a million nine-liter cases a year that 'the two-horse race between Bacardi and Tanduay seems to be a thing of the past' with Tanduay selling an additional three million cases of Tanduay rum in 2019.
While whiskey and tequila have been getting the lion's share of the media spotlight, marketing and geekery, the rum category ticks steadily away as a mixed drink mainstay.
With those in the know in the liquor industry tipping rum as the next trend, there have been whispers for the past two years that the spirit would overtake gin as the next big thing -- and 2018 was even tipped as "the year of rum".
That's due to a confluence of factors, says Yelle: better products, wider availability and gatekeeper bartenders who engage customers and drive premium rum. "It's taken time, but it is past the stage where consumers saw nun as a cheap, fun, poolside drink," Yelle adds.
Don Q_has been successful with its limited-edition single-barrel rum and its vermouth cask expressions, says Eason.
The Mill at Digbeth will be transformed into a corner of the Caribbean, complete with a jerk chicken BBQ, cocktail bar and, of course, lots of reggae and rum.