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A condition of decreased alkali reserve of the blood and other body fluids.



a change in the acid-alkaline balance of the organism as a result of insufficient removal and oxidation of organic acids (for example, beta-hydroxybutyric acid). Usually these products are rapidly removed from the body. In febrile diseases, intestinal disorders, pregnancy, starvation, and such, they are retained in the body; this is manifested in mild cases by the appearance of acetoacetic acid and acetone in the urine (so-called ketonuria). In severe cases (for example, diabetes mellitus) it may lead to coma. Treatment consists of removal of the cause of acidosis (for example, by administering insulin in case of diabetes); there is also symptomatic treatment—soda and an abundance of fluids taken internally.

References in periodicals archive ?
Epimural indicator phylotypes of transiently-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cattle.
The monitoring, prevention and treatment of sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA): A review.
This is the main reason why many studies on dairy animals recommended an appropriate coarse fibre buffered diet for good rumination and enhanced saliva secretions to overcome ruminal acidosis (Mertens, 1997; Calitz, 2009).
Water temperature and water intake, together with the already mentioned factors, may increase the risk of suffering ruminal acidosis (13).
Effect of feed additives on rumen microbial status in ruminal acidosis of dairy cattle.
Non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) and sub-acute ruminal acidosis (SARA)
Acute ruminal acidosis is caused by an excessive intake of easily fermentable carbohydrates both in adapted and nonadapted animals (1).
Subacute ruminal acidosis, although not as dramatic as acute acidosis, is of increasing worry due to the fact that its clinical signs are less obvious to detect and because farmers are not properly informed or aware of the issue.
Acute ruminal acidosis may occur in feedlots when the transition to a concentrate-rich diet is poorly managed.
On the other hand, feeding TMR with high fermentable carbohydrate may increase the risk of subacute ruminal acidosis (Krause and Comba, 2003; Tufarelli et al.
Also, a lower content of ingested starch with highly digestible fiber may reduce metabolic disorders, such as ruminal acidosis, in milk and meat production systems (DE NARDI et al.