rural-urban continuum

rural-urban continuum

the conception that, rather than a simple contrast between rural and urban communities, there exists a gradation of types of community, in terms of their size, density of population, extent of division of labour, isolation, sense of community solidarity, rates of social change, etc. The concept was introduced in the 1920s by SOROKIN and Zimmerman. Later REDFIELD relabelled the concept folk-urban continuum, but with the same basic notion. The notion is useful, since it is clear that the contrast between rural and urban communities varies greatly between societies and at different times. Historically, for example, the contrast was greater than in present-day Britain, where most rural communities exist in close relation with towns and are permeated by urban values. Compare GEMEINSCHAFT AND GESELLSCHAFT; see also FOLK SOCIETY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
Rural-urban continuum codes are from the US Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service (https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/ru-ral-urban-continuum-codes.aspx).
Kerala gives a unique example of money order economy which has tremendous impact on rural quality of life and rural-urban continuum in Kerala is largely influenced by foreign remittances.
The health impacts of environmental quality may both result from and differ across the rural-urban continuum. However, most studies about environmental impact on mortality have only focused on urban areas (Krall et al.
Distribution of Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities Across the Rural-Urban Continuum. Institute for Health Policy, Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine, 2007.
The 2013 Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCC) were used to determine the degree of urbanization and adjacency to a metropolitan area (U.S.
It has therefore become indispensible for the developmental policy makers to analyze the process of urbanization along a rural-urban continuum, based on a broad range of indicators.
Factors influencing the intensification of farming systems and soil-nutrient management in the rural-urban continuum of SW Ghana.
They use the 2003 USDA-ERS rural-urban continuum codes, and county level measures of establishments that have fewer than five employees based on the 2007 County Business Patterns data and non-employer counts from the Census Bureau's Non-employer Statistics.
The ARF's rural-urban continuum codes from USDA ERS (2012) were used to produce designations for rural location.
A county was operationalized as either rural or urban according to USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCCs) (USDA 2012).
This is the same general approach used in other rural-urban classification systems, such as Beale Codes and the USDA's rural-urban continuum codes that assign a score on a scale of 1 to 9 to all U.S.