Rust Belt


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Rust Belt

or

Rustbelt,

economic region in the NE quadrant of the United States, focused on the Midwestern (see MidwestMidwest
or Middle West,
region of the United States centered on the western Great Lakes and the upper-middle Mississippi valley. It is a somewhat imprecise term that has been applied to the northern section of the land between the Appalachians and the Rocky Mts.
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) states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio, as well as Pennsylvania. The term gained wide use in the 1970s as the formerly dominant industrial region became noted for the abandonment of factories, unemployment, outmigration, the loss of electoral votes, and overall decline. Since the 1960s, manufacturing cities throughout the Great Lakes region and in the Northeast have suffered a decline in population and economic strength as manufacturers relocated, primarily to the Sun BeltSun Belt
or Sunbelt,
southern tier of the United States, focused on Florida, Texas, Arizona, and California, and extending as far north as Virginia. The term gained wide use in the 1970s, when the economic and political impact of the nation's overall shift in
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, overseas, or more recently, to Mexico. Meanwhile, the nation as a whole has shifted toward a service economy. Detroit, although still one of the world's largest manufacturing centers, has been especially hard hit and unable to reduce its dependence on the manufacturing sector. Suburban flight induced by the decline of the central city has been dramatic in large cities such as St. Louis and Cleveland, as well as smaller cities like Gary, Ind., and Akron, Ohio. By the 1980s, the economy of some Rust Belt cities had noticeably improved after the introduction or expansion of non-manufacturing industries. Pittsburgh, initially devastated by cutbacks in its steel industry as early as the late 1950s, has since emphasized its role as a center for research and development and finance.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study presented here looks at 35 metropolitan statistical areas (MSA's) (9) located in three Rust Belt States: Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.
Citizens for Pennsylvania's Future (PennFuture) today praised the citizens of Pennsylvania, Governor Edward Rendell, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Secretary Kathleen McGinty and the Pennsylvania legislature for their efforts in transforming Pennsylvania from a rust belt state to the "clean and green belt state," as the Pennsylvania legislature recessed, leaving both the Clean Vehicles Program and the proposed regulation to cut toxic mercury from power plants intact and ready to become law.
True to the title of the book, Swick has worked the seemingly impossible, not only surviving but thriving in a rust belt area that was one of the hardest hit real estate markets in Ohio during the recent economic downturn.
Ours is a rust belt company in a rust belt industry .
San Francisco was in danger of following the paths of the rust belt cities of the east coast.
Wick, the project allows the Foundation to continue "to deepen the understanding of the role that knowledge creation can play in facilitating our region's transition from rust belt to knowledge belt.
19, very high for factory work south of the Rust Belt.
The first released items will include a line of t-shirts with phrases that celebrate forgotten neighborhoods such as Black Bottom, embrace Detroit's automotive heritage by declaring a Sheet Metal Fetish, and thumb a nose at rust belt negativity with the phrase Machine Shop Fabulous.
But in the face of Tuesday's defeat, he talked openly about getting out of the race if he didn't have a strong showing in next week's Rust Belt primaries, setting in motion a series of night-and-day consultations that led to his decision to withdraw.
Unlike the Rust Belt and the Corn Belt, the Timber Belt has seen a measurable upside to its economic migration.
In nine stories told from diverse perspectives, author Jennifer Morales captures a Rust Belt city's struggle to establish a common ground and a collective vision of the future.