rustication


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

rustication

(rŭstĭkā`shən), in building construction, method of creating textures upon masonry wall surfaces, chiefly upon those of stone, by projecting the blocks beyond the surface of the mortar joints. Each joint thus lies in a channel or in a V-shaped groove, between adjoining stones, and a separating shadow line is produced. The degree of projection, whether slight or bold, permits varying effects. The Romans occasionally built rusticated walls. This device was used by Renaissance architects in the palace facades at Florence, a favorite treatment being that of a ground floor with stones of strong projection and roughly textured surface, surmounted by upper stories in which both forms were more refined. Often columns and pilasters also were rusticated. The basement story of the Pitti Palace (mid-15th cent.) exhibits a celebrated example of rustication, some of its enormous and roughly quarried blocks of stone projecting as much as 2 ft 6 in. (76.2 cm) beyond the surface of the joints. The garden architecture of the Italian baroque villavilla.
Although used to designate any country residence, especially in Italy and S France, the term villa particularly refers to a type of pleasure residence with extensive grounds favored by the Romans and richly developed in Italy in the Renaissance.
..... Click the link for more information.
 shows many grotesquely textured examples. Rustications also appeared frequently in the Georgian style and in American Colonial architecture.

Rustication

Masonry cut in large blocks with the surface left rough and unfinished, separated by deep recessed joints. The border of each block may be beveled or rabbeted on all four sides or top and bottom. It is used mainly on the lower part of a structure to give a bold, exaggerated took of strength.

Rustication

 

in architecture, the facing of a building with crudely cut or convex stones. Enlivening the wall with a rich play of light and shadow, rustication gives a building a sense of massive strength. In a plastered facade, rustication is simulated by dividing the wall into rectangles or stripes.

rustication

rustication
Same as rustic work.
References in periodicals archive ?
The university, therefore, has to realise that it has not done any positive thing for its own standing as a repository of knowledge with the rustication decision and should seek to immediately reverse itself in order to repair and restore its image.
In addition, it is common knowledge that incidents of academic dishonesty are increasing leading to cancellation of examinations and rustication of students involved in examination malpractices.
Exposition of the Ottomans' methods of rule provided oblique criticism of the Hoxha government, and offered an artistic parallel to the analysis of communist practices, such as murder, censorship, rustication, and the erosion of authenticity and intimacy in daily life, in Kadare's other works over several decades.
But Wallace can only make Waugh represent that position by failing to read Waugh's self-irony, the narrator's critique of paralysis and sloth and of the failed Englishman's sense of rustication to the tropics; far from "honor [ing] white otium" (279) to this reader's ear for irony, Waugh mocks it.
(2) 'Milton in Rustication', Studies in Philology, 19 (1922), 109-35 (p.
The ironic interplay between existent and non-existent motives or causes is augmented by the Sierra Morena itself as a setting, as a place to expiate real and imaginary guilt--a site for literal rustication.
The speaker is not in Georgian rustication but in a city flat with a cat that is unnaturally bored by birds, and that has suffered so dark a night of the soul that nature's bounty can give "no relief" to the weight of Time and Nothingness.
From his boyhood at Rudolph Steiner and the Little Red School House; to his undergraduate career at Swarthmore College; to Yale Law days and the satire magazine Monocle; to the New York Times and books on the Hollywood witch-hunt and Robert Kennedy's Department of Justice; to his annunciation almost three decades ago as chief pooh-bah of a radical weekly that has lost money ever since the Civil War and his latter-day rustication at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism--Navasky knows everybody.
Noticing that the hefty Suzanne had gained even more weight during her wartime rustication in the Pyrenees, Mme.
The rustication forms a romantic foil to the building's essentially rational spirit of lucid geometry, muted colour and calm, luminous spaces.
Emphatic rustication on key areas declared not only that the convent was a citadel well protected from external temptations, but also referenced the rhetorical fortifications of patrician palaces, which, Gerard Labrot has argued, were designed to clearly demarcate the palace from the street, the noble from the common people.
Robustness was not an essential ingredient, although the Man of Letters frequently lived to rustication and ripe old age.