Carriero, "Sacral nerve
modulation in the treatment of chronic pelvic pain," International Journal of Colorectal Disease, vol.
stimulation for the treatment of refractory voiding and bowel dysfunction.
stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation in adults.
stimulation as a treatment modality for intractable neuropathic testicular pain.
stimulation for fecal incontinence and constipation in adults: A short version Cochrane review.
Cauda equina syndrome is caused by lumbar disc protrusion, and 1-15% of patients present with abnormal bladder function secondary to impingement of sacral nerve
Sacral neuromodulation, also known as sacral nerve
stimulation (SNS), may benefit patients with very severe OAB symptoms who have been refractory to drug and behavioral therapy.
Due to resection of the sacral nerve
roots, the patient developed postoperative are flexic bladder with intrinsic sphincter deficiency that required intermittent urinary self-catheterization.
He explained that during the procedure, the surgeon will insert an electrical pulse generator, like a pacemaker, under the skin in the upper, outer quadrant of the buttock and the generator is attached to a thin lead wire with a small electrode tip, which is anchored near the sacral nerve
Permanent sacral nerve
stimulation (SNS) can eliminate the often embarrassing and inconvenient symptoms of urinary incontinence.
Part two is titled "Neurostimulation: Peripheral Nerve and Peripheral Nerve Field Stimulation." An overview of techniques is followed by several chapters that include neuropathic foot pain and sacral nerve