safety movement

safety movement,

widespread effort to prevent accidents that followed the increasing number of casualties in industry, traffic and transportation, and homes arising out of the Industrial Revolution and the growth of cities. Large manufacturing companies, public utilities, railroads, steamship lines, and insurance companies were particularly concerned with reducing the number of injuries and deaths as well as with cutting the cost of workmen's compensation, other damage payments, and litigation arising out of accidents. Humanitarianism and the evolution of an awareness of public responsibility were other factors in the initiation of the safety movement, which took the form of educating the public in accident prevention by way of safety clubs, posters, magazines, and other means. A vital part of the safety movement was the passing of laws, such as those requiring that buildings be constructed in accord with fire prevention laws, that automobiles meet certain basic safety requirements, that halls be well lighted in certain classes of buildings, that machinery be properly guarded, that food conform to specified standards, and that poisonous materials be so marked. In the United States the National Safety Council, founded in 1913, collects and distributes information and statistics regarding safety in industry, the home, travel, and schools. Numerous federal, state and local agencies deal with safety issues. On the federal level, the Federal Aviation Administration (founded 1958) deals with air travel; the Consumer Product Safety Commission (1972) protects the public against unsafe products; the Environmental Protection Agency (1970) regulates toxic chemicals and environmental hazards; the Food and Drug Administration (1931) regulates food, drugs, and cosmetics; the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (1970) enforces safety in the workplace; the Federal Highway Administration (1966) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (1970) administer programs to increase safety on the nation's highways; the Federal Railroad Administration (1966) covers rail safety; the Mine Safety and Health Administration (1973) regulates mines; the National Transportation Safety Board (1966) investigates and regulates safety issues for all types of transportation; the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (1974) regulates nuclear power; and the Food Safety and Inspection Service (1981) inspects meat and poultry products.


See C. L. Gilmore, Accident Prevention and Loss Control (1970); R. Mokhiber, Corporate Crime and Violence (1988).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The summit issued "Jeddah Declaration" which highlights the importance of previous recommendations and works on maintaining the momentum of the global patient safety movement, especially within Low- and Middle-In-come Countries (LMICs).
The patient safety movement gained traction in 1999 with the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM, now National Academy of Medicine) report, To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System.
Changing focus yet again, Joanne Travaglia in her commentary (11) applies a sociological lens, developing the notion that if Safety-II is to succeed where Safety-I failed, it needs to question not only the ontology, but the epistemology and ethics of the patient safety movement. Taking the Bourdieusian perspective which she so persuasively applied years ago in her doctoral studies, she challenges the taken for granted--what Bourdieu would call the doxa of the patient safety movement--and takes to task the positioning of the current patient safety movement as a natural progression from the disciplining of the individual to the disciplining of the system.
Saudi Arabia has joined forces with Datix, a leading patient safety software company, and Health Matrix, a renowned healthcare IT company serving the Middle East, to launch an ambitious project that could transform the patient safety movement worldwide.
John Eisenberg, considered the father of the modern patient safety movement. Since its release in April, the film has been shown at medical schools, hospitals, and film festivals across the country.
The Patient Safety Movement's 2018 Midyear Planning Meeting, co-convened by UCI Health, is a full-day working meeting that brings together 100 leading medical experts, policymakers and patient advocates from around the world for an intimate examination and discussion on the six leading causes of preventable patient deaths in hospitals.
The Dubai Healthcare City Best Practice Conference 2018, in partnership with the US-based Patient Safety Movement Foundation (PSMF), calls on hospitals and clinics in the UAE to share their patient safety best practices to help advance a culture of safety.
#HurricaneStrong aims to save lives and homes through collaboration with leading organizations in the disaster safety movement, including Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and The Weather Channel.
Rechler sent out an email to his network about starting a gun safety movement, expecting 20 or so responses only to hear back from more than 200 people from across the country.
Chosen for the award by the FLASH Board of Directors, Monzon was selected for her contributions to the disaster safety movement and dedicated service to her community.
Gurugram The father of a seven-year-old boy killed in a Gurugram school on Sunday said that he would help launch a Child Safety Movement in the country from Children's Day on November 14.