John Lyke, (a board-certified psychologist and Professor Emeritus at Metropolitan State College of Denver) maintains that ever since George Washington retired as captain of our ship of state, subsequent presidents and members of Congress have failed to use the sailing chart
of the Constitution.
As it Was provides historical insight, for example, into the Chinese navigator Admiral Zheng He (1371 to 1433) and his sailing chart
of the Hong Kong coast; the Piri Reis map discovered in Topkapi Palace in 1929 that was drawn on a deerskin in 1513; the metamorphosis from the early Mediterranean sailing directions ('caping the ship' it was called) of the 14th and 15th centuries to the adoption of Dutch chart-building, and the book introduces one of the most celebrated chartmakers of all time; Lucas Janszoon Waghnaer who, in 1583, printed his maritime atlas--the celebrated Spieghel der Zeevaerdt (Mirror of the Sea).
The first occurred in the Middle Ages, when Mediterranean traders began depending on sailing charts
compiled from compass bearings.
On his arrival in Hobart on 29 December, Ingvall, now an Australian resident, announced he would be teaming up with his YuuZoo co-skipper David Witt, one of Australia's most experienced skiff sailors and ocean racers, to put Australia back on the world sailing charts
, including an assault on the America's Cup.
The island of HyBrazil first appeared on sailing charts
completed by cartographer Angelino Dulcert between 1325 and 1339.
The Boat Exchange (www.btx.co.uk) shows the weather for dozens of moored buoys around the UK (including wind speed, wave height, water temperature and air temperature), while sailing charts
for off-shore areas can be found at www.weather online.co.uk/sail.htm
I made charts of the places we sailed that became part of the Navy's portfolio of sailing charts