sainfoin


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sainfoin

(sān`foin) [Fr.,=holy hay], leguminous perennial herb (Onobrychis viciaefolia) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family) indigenous in S Europe and in temperate W Asia. Sainfoin has for centuries been widely cultivated in Europe as a forage crop. Although it was introduced into the United States about 160 years ago, it has never become agriculturally important there. It thrives on calcareous soils too dry or too barren for clover or alfalfa. The plant is sometimes associated with the Christmas story of the Infant Jesus in the manger. Sainfoin is also called esparcet and holy clover. It is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

sainfoin

a Eurasian perennial leguminous plant, Onobrychis viciifolia, widely grown as a forage crop, having pale pink flowers and curved pods
References in periodicals archive ?
Van'da bir korunga tarlasinin orumcek faunasi (Spider fauna of a Sainfoin field in Van).
vvbr c Phalaris (1913, Polymelus - Bromus, by Sainfoin).
In this experiment, callus production and regeneration of Sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa var.
Alfalfa Medicago sativa and sainfoin Onobrychis viciifolia are common introduced forbs.
It contains a highly palatable blend of Persist Forb, X-9 Grazing Alfalfas, SAUNA Perennial Forage Chicory, Sainfoin (high-protein legume), and WINA Golden-Jumpstart Annual Clovers.
Meadows abound with sainfoin, yellow rattles, rampions, orchids, campions, clovers, pink Bistort, Viper's Bugloss, Ox-eye Daisy, bellflowers and even Orange lilies.
Efect of bioactive compounds from Sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) on the in vitro larval migration of Haemonchus contortus: role of tannins and flavonol glycosides.
Besides clover and Chamomile the other medieval favourites were medick and sainfoin.
1981, "Development of root systems of Lucerne and Sainfoin grown on reclaimed soils", Pochvovegeniae, 101-107.
Terry RA, Tilley JMA (1964) The digestibility of the leaves and stems of perennial ryegrass, cocksfoot, timothy, tall fescue, lucerne and sainfoin, as measured by an in vitro procedure.
Orbexilum onobrychis (Nutt.) Rydb.; SYN: Psoralea onobrychis Nutt.; French Grass, Sainfoin, Sampson's Snakeroot; Roadside and edge of slope woods; Rare but locally abundant; C = 4; BSUH 14871.