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(săl'pəglŏs`əs), any plant of the genus Salpiglossis of the family Solanaceae (nightshadenightshade,
common name for the Solanaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and a few trees of warm regions, chiefly tropical America. Many are climbing or creeping types, and rank-smelling foliage is typical of many species.
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 family), herbs native to Chile and widely cultivated elsewhere as garden annuals for their richly variegated, funnel-shaped blossoms in a variety of colors. Painted tongue (S. sinuata) is the most common in gardens. The genus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Solanales, family Solanaceae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of annual or perennial herbs of the family Solanaceae. The stems are glandular-pubescent and only slightly branching. The alternate, entire leaves are sinuate or pinnatisect. The flowers are on long pedicels and in loose racemose or panicled inflorescences. The calyx is five-parted. The corolla is obliquely funnelform and has a long tubule and a limb with five broad, emarginate lobes. The fruit is a capsule.

There are about ten species, distributed in South America, mainly in Chile. The annual painted tongue (S. sinuata) is used as a border plant and for cut flowers; its varieties differ in height (50–100 cm) and in the color of the corolla—from white to red-brown and blue-violet (with darker veins).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
& Comes Tobacco 2 140 0 0 Genus Nierembergia Nierembergia scoparia Sendtri Cupflower 2 140 0 0 Genus Petunia Petunia x hybrida Garden-petunia 2 140 0 0 Tribe Salpiglossidae Genus Salpiglossis Salpiglossis sinuata Ruiz & Pav Painted tongue 2 140 0 0 Genus Schizanthus Schizanthus spp.
Flowers: 'Angel Wings' miniature rose, 'April in Paris' sweet pea, 'Belle Blanche' datura, 'Persian Carpet' zinnias, and 'Stained Glass' salpiglossis. Seeds are available at nurseries.
Suitable flowers include nasturtiums, sweet sultan, mignonette (lovely perfume), marigolds, salpiglossis, poached egg flower, annual gypsophila, clarkia, bartonia, alyssum, annual candytuft, scarlet flax, and night- scented stock.
& Comes Tobacco 2 120 0 0 Genus Nierembergia Nierembergia scoparia Sendtri Cupflower 2 120 0 0 Genus Petunia Petunia x Garden- hybrida petunia 2 120 0 0 Tribe Salpiglossidae Genus Salpiglossis Salpiglossis sinuata Painted Ruiz & Pav tongue 2 120 0 0 Genus Schizanthus Schizanthus Butterfly spp.
* Annuals: Cosmos, godetia, lobelia, pansy, petunia, rose campion (Lychnis coronaria), salpiglossis, Shirley poppy.
Martynia, Sesamen Martyniaceae, Trapellaceae) Podostemonaceae Podostemon Pontederiaceae Hydrothrix Proteaceae Conospermum, Protea (1), Synaphea (2), Placospermum (3) Rutaceae Cusparieae Sabiaceae Meliosma Solanaceae Salpiglossis, Schizanthus, Anthocercis Scrophulariaceae Bonnaya, Gratiola (1), Ixianthus (2), Digitalis (3), etc.