saltpeter


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saltpeter

or

saltpetre:

see potassium nitratepotassium nitrate,
chemical compound, KNO3, occurring as colorless, prismatic crystals or as a white powder; it is found pure in nature as the mineral saltpeter, or niter. (The name saltpeter is also applied to sodium nitrate, although less frequently.
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saltpeter

[sȯlt′pēd·ər]
(inorganic chemistry)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Starting with a basic understanding of the chemical itself, noting briefly its additional uses in medicine and cosmetics, Cressy then begins a chronological narrative of the rise and fall of England's domestic production of saltpeter and its political and military implications.
Thus, the exothermic decomposition of energy condensed systems based on ammonium saltpeter can be intensified by insertion of additives to such systems providing an earlier appearance of nitrogen dioxide.
Navy Department," for purifying saltpeter, which should be deducted from the expenses debited to the "Factory" account.
The humidity has also caused saltpeter to accumulate on the interior walls.
* Gunpowder, or black powder, is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate).
At this time, the indigenous and mestiza communities began to migrate to the intermediate desert depression close to the deposits of copper, silver and sodium nitrate (known as saltpeter or salitre), setting up the first mining camps on the periphery of the operations.
Other industries like saltpeter, coal, and timber peaked and plateaued with the times, and after World War II most residents left in search of a better life.
On the other hand, potassium nitrate, or saltpeter, wasn't as easy to isolate.
The other influence involved his scheme to produce saltpeter; this was the first of several unsuccessful ventures that Leng argues provided Worsley with a reputation that he utilized to acquire government posts.
The cold, trimmed, fresh hams were dry cured with a curing mixture of eight pounds of salt, two pounds of brown sugar and four ounces of saltpeter for each 100 pounds of meat.
While focusing on textiles and raw silk, Jacobs also discusses saltpeter and opium, which VOC servants collected in India, and Japanese copper and Persian, Padang, and Pontianak gold, which were exchanged for Indian textiles.
Paper topics include an examination of early Woodland subterranean mineral extraction, sheltered sites as archaeobotanical contexts, developments in human paleofecal research, prehistoric cave art, and nineteenth century saltpeter caves and an examination of the hydraulic systems of those caves.