salvia


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salvia:

see sagesage,
any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae (mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S. officinalis, a strongly scented shrubby perennial, native from S Europe to Asia Minor.
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Salvia

 

(sage), a genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The flowers are in false whorls, which form a spicate or panicled inflorescence. The upper lip of the corolla is helmet-shaped, straight, or crescent-shaped. There are two stamens. The flowers have a unique adaptation for cross-pollination. The fruit consists of four nutlets.

The approximately 700 species occur throughout the world, primarily in the subtropics and tropics. The USSR has about 80 species, growing mainly on dry mountain slopes. The most common species is garden sage (S. officinalis), a usually violet-flowered subshrub that grows in the Mediterranean region. In the USSR it is cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes in Moldavia, the southern Ukraine, and Krasnodar Krai. The leaves contain essential oil, alkaloids, and tanning substances; they are used as a flavoring in the production of liqueurs and spirits and in the fish canning industry. A tincture of leaves is used medicinally as an astringent or anti-inflammatory rinse to treat inflammations of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Clary (S. sclarea), a perennial with pinkish lilac flowers, grows in the southern Ukraine, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the inflorescences; the oil is used by the pharmaceutical, distilling, confectionery, and tobacco industries. Many species, including scarlet sage (S. splendens), S. coccinea, and garden sage, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Shalfei-Salvia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.

T. V. EGOROVA

salvia

[′sal·vē·ə]
(materials)
The dried leaves of the sage, Salvia officinalis; contains volatile oil, resin, and tannin; used in food engineering as a flavoring agent and condiment, and in medicine as an antisecretory agent.

salvia

any herbaceous plant or small shrub of the genus Salvia, such as the sage, grown for their medicinal or culinary properties or for ornament: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
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Salvia is relatively easy for teenagers to find and consume, similarly to marijuana and hashish.
The mericarps of Salvia are small but larger than dust seeds or spores, so they are small enough to be transported by wind but unlikely to achieve long-distance dispersal except by extreme winds.
En Argentina, Salvia ha sido tratado de manera parcial en las floras regionales de Entre Rios (Crespo, 1979) y Jujuy (Pontiroli, 1993).
En la Depresion del Balsas ubicada dentro de la Sierra Madre del Sur coinciden Asterohyptis, Hyptis, Salvia, Stachys y Vitex (Figs.
The researchers started by grinding seeds from Salvia hispanica to obtain flour granules with a size of 1 mm to 2 mm.
Phytochemical and pharmacological researches carried out during last years confirm many traditional uses of Salvia genus in central nervous system disorders (IMANSHAHIDI & HOSSEINZADEH, 2006).
Lepechinia bullata (Kunth) Epling, Salvia carnea Kunth y diversas especies de Alstroemeriaceae (Bomarea Mirb.
Salvia hunzikeri (Lamiaceae), una nueva especie de los Andes del Peru.
Previous reports on Salvia species revealed that they exhibited various biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antiviral, antioxidant, cardiovascular, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, spasmolytic, antiseptic and sedative properties [5,6,7,8,11,13,15,16,21].
Foram elaborados os seguintes tratamentos: 1) Sobrecoxa sem sal, sem salvia desidratada e sem extrato de erva-mate; 2) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%); 3) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%) e salvia desidratada (1%); 4) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%), salvia desidratada (1%) e extrato de erva-mate a 0,125%; 5) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%) e extrato de erva-mate a 0,125%; 6) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%), salvia desidratada (1%) e extrato de erva-mate a 0,25%; 7) Sobrecoxa com sal (1%) e extrato de erva-mate (0,25%).