Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


see sagesage,
any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae (mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S. officinalis, a strongly scented shrubby perennial, native from S Europe to Asia Minor.
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(sage), a genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The flowers are in false whorls, which form a spicate or panicled inflorescence. The upper lip of the corolla is helmet-shaped, straight, or crescent-shaped. There are two stamens. The flowers have a unique adaptation for cross-pollination. The fruit consists of four nutlets.

The approximately 700 species occur throughout the world, primarily in the subtropics and tropics. The USSR has about 80 species, growing mainly on dry mountain slopes. The most common species is garden sage (S. officinalis), a usually violet-flowered subshrub that grows in the Mediterranean region. In the USSR it is cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes in Moldavia, the southern Ukraine, and Krasnodar Krai. The leaves contain essential oil, alkaloids, and tanning substances; they are used as a flavoring in the production of liqueurs and spirits and in the fish canning industry. A tincture of leaves is used medicinally as an astringent or anti-inflammatory rinse to treat inflammations of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Clary (S. sclarea), a perennial with pinkish lilac flowers, grows in the southern Ukraine, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the inflorescences; the oil is used by the pharmaceutical, distilling, confectionery, and tobacco industries. Many species, including scarlet sage (S. splendens), S. coccinea, and garden sage, are cultivated as ornamentals.


Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Shalfei-Salvia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The dried leaves of the sage, Salvia officinalis; contains volatile oil, resin, and tannin; used in food engineering as a flavoring agent and condiment, and in medicine as an antisecretory agent.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


any herbaceous plant or small shrub of the genus Salvia, such as the sage, grown for their medicinal or culinary properties or for ornament: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Run by the UK's leading salvia expert, William Dyson, the sandy and sunny soil of Kent makes for perfect growing conditions.
Lavish: Salvia 'Mainacht' turned Diarmuid's head Picture: WWW.CROCUS.CO.UK
At one time, scarlet Salvias splendens was an essential in summer bedding schemes of suburban parks and gardens.
My favorite of the Salvia nemerosa family is Marcus.
Salvia is relatively easy for teenagers to find and consume, similarly to marijuana and hashish.
The mericarps of Salvia are small but larger than dust seeds or spores, so they are small enough to be transported by wind but unlikely to achieve long-distance dispersal except by extreme winds.
En Argentina, Salvia ha sido tratado de manera parcial en las floras regionales de Entre Rios (Crespo, 1979) y Jujuy (Pontiroli, 1993).
Seis de las especies registradas son endemicas de Michoacan (Apendice): Salvia cyanantha Epling, Salvia indigocephala (Epling) Ramamoorthy, Salvia gravida Epling y Salvia synodonta Epling procedentes de la Sierra de Coalcoman; Salvia vasquezii subsp.
Phytochemical and pharmacological researches carried out during last years confirm many traditional uses of Salvia genus in central nervous system disorders (IMANSHAHIDI & HOSSEINZADEH, 2006).
El genero cosmopolita Salvia L., el mas extenso de la familia Lamiaceae (=Labiatae), cuenta en la actualidad con unas 935 especies reconocidas (Fernandez-Alonso 2008 a, b).
The genus Salvia is the largest one among the most important genera of the lamiaceae family consisting of about 900 species, of which 58 are distributed in Iranian flora, 17 of which are endemic.