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see sagesage,
any species of the large genus Salvia, aromatic herbs or shrubs of the family Labiatae (mint family). The common sage of herb gardens is S. officinalis, a strongly scented shrubby perennial, native from S Europe to Asia Minor.
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(sage), a genus of perennial herbs or subshrubs of the family Labiatae. The flowers are in false whorls, which form a spicate or panicled inflorescence. The upper lip of the corolla is helmet-shaped, straight, or crescent-shaped. There are two stamens. The flowers have a unique adaptation for cross-pollination. The fruit consists of four nutlets.

The approximately 700 species occur throughout the world, primarily in the subtropics and tropics. The USSR has about 80 species, growing mainly on dry mountain slopes. The most common species is garden sage (S. officinalis), a usually violet-flowered subshrub that grows in the Mediterranean region. In the USSR it is cultivated for medicinal and culinary purposes in Moldavia, the southern Ukraine, and Krasnodar Krai. The leaves contain essential oil, alkaloids, and tanning substances; they are used as a flavoring in the production of liqueurs and spirits and in the fish canning industry. A tincture of leaves is used medicinally as an astringent or anti-inflammatory rinse to treat inflammations of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Clary (S. sclarea), a perennial with pinkish lilac flowers, grows in the southern Ukraine, the Crimea, the Caucasus, and Middle Asia. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the inflorescences; the oil is used by the pharmaceutical, distilling, confectionery, and tobacco industries. Many species, including scarlet sage (S. splendens), S. coccinea, and garden sage, are cultivated as ornamentals.


Pobedimova, E. G. “Rod Shalfei-Salvia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 21. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.
Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.



The dried leaves of the sage, Salvia officinalis; contains volatile oil, resin, and tannin; used in food engineering as a flavoring agent and condiment, and in medicine as an antisecretory agent.


any herbaceous plant or small shrub of the genus Salvia, such as the sage, grown for their medicinal or culinary properties or for ornament: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lepechinia bullata (Kunth) Epling, Salvia carnea Kunth y diversas especies de Alstroemeriaceae (Bomarea Mirb.
A number of salvias have arching stems that end in long, curving flower spikes.
Salvia viridis has rosettes of woolly leaves, as if created by a busy, jumping garden spider its web so dense with a wonderful strokeability.
Salvia glutinosa is another European species, known commonly as Jupiter's Distaff.
Salvia farinacae, well described by its nickname mealy sage, produces long spikes of whitish flower buds which open lavender blue.
Prized for their showy flowers, perennial salvias are fast becoming mainstays in beds and borders.
The variegated form of Blank was also dropped in amongst them to poke its stiff horizontal branches through the two salvias.
Historically, the plants have been used medicinally - salvia comes from the Latin salvare, to heal - and are commonly used in cooking as sage.
These tender sages are all worth acquiring, especially Salvia patens which has startling, pure blue flowers a good 2ins long.
Salvias are sages, members of the mint family (Lamiacea) and many of them have medicinal properties.
Likes some light shade; needs more water than most salvias, except on the coast.
If you are only looking for lavenders (of which there are more than a dozen varieties), sages or salvias (which number more than 50 ornamental species), or roses (of which there are hundreds of varieties), you can clear your mind of other design options and focus on your plant of choice.