Tsutsui H et al found Samarium-Cobalt magnet
to be superior in magnetic properties to other magnets.
The first is local or systemic administration of medicines such as prostaglandins, interleukins, leukotrienes, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, and vitamin D.2-5 The second category is mechanical or physical stimulation such as direct electrical current6 or a samarium-cobalt magnet
.7 The last category is oral surgery, including gingival fiberotomy,8 alveolar surgery, and distraction osteogenesis.
Although it is less brittle than sintered samarium-cobalt magnet but it has a lower working temperature and corrosion resistance is very poor thus protecting coatings are necessary to protect from corrosion.
One of the first studies by Tustsui et al in 1979(6) found that the corrosion resistance of the samarium-cobalt magnet was similar to that of usual dental casting alloys but the add resistance was relatively low.
The magnetic brackets are chromium plated samarium-cobalt magnet soldered to the base of an edgewise bracket which can be directly bonded to tooth.
There are two types: neodymium magnets and samarium-cobalt magnets
. Magnetostrictive rare-earth magnets such as Terfenol-D also have applications, e.g.
Samarium-Cobalt Magnets: Samarium-cobalt (SmCo) magnets were developed in the 1960s and 1970s.
This appliance used four pairs of repelling samarium-cobalt magnets to produce a posterior intrusive force of 700 grams per magnetic unit.
Samarium-cobalt magnets embedded in unilateral blocks of acrylic were used to stimulate growth following an autogenous costochondral graft (59).