sambucus nigra


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elderberry

elderberry

Used in herbal medicine since Hippocrates. Grows to 30 ft tall (10m) Very popular in the health food industry. The berries don't taste great, but they can be used in smoothies or juiced. They are a no-care plant. The flowers and berry fruits are edible, the rest is too toxic for most people. Only eat ripe berries and flowers. Never eat bark, leaves or unripe berries. Pointy folded leaves, opposite, 5-9 at a time, white 5- petal flowers in umbrella clusters, which later become black or blue shiny berries, which can be eaten raw or cooked when ripe. Some people get nauseous after eating them (cooked or raw) so a rumor started they were poisonous. They aren’t. Depends on the person and how healthy they are. Some say cooking the berries makes them less toxic. But one thing is agreed among almost everyone- elderberries contain lots of great medicinal power. They’ve been used historically for everything from arthritis to asthma to colds, flu, yeast, nasal congestion, hay fever, tonsillitis, infections, and now anti-aging because of the anthocyanins they contain.. Good for flu and viruses because it stimulates immune system while enhancing white blood cell activity and inhibit viral replication. The little creamy white flowers and ripe berry fruits are edible (cooked), the rest is toxic. Do not eat the leaves and twigs, which smell bad when crushed. The dark purple, blue or black berries have 3 seeds and taste funky when ripe, but taste better when dried. Bark tea used as external wash for skin problems. Red elderberries MUST be cooked first, they are more toxic and taste terrible. Sometimes they grow next to each other, so be careful not to confuse elderberry plants with poison or water hemlock, which have multi-umbrella flower clusters, elderberry has one. Water hemlock leaves are smaller and the plant stems are hollow (elderberry stems are pithy). Water hemlock is a herb-like plant while elderberry is a heavy duty bush.
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An extract of Sambucus nigra L (black elderberry) was found to have antimicrobial activity in vitro against the gram-positive bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes and group C and G Streptococci, against the grarn-negative bacterium Branhamella catarrhalis, and against human influenza viruses.
Herbs such as Sambucus nigra and Glycyrrhriza glabra are considered important.
Es asi como, partiendo del uso que por tradicion cultural se da a las plantas medicinales, consideradas insecticidas en ciertas zonas del departamento de Boyaca, los grupos de investigacion en Bioquimica y Nutricion Animal -GIBNA y en Ciencias Veterinarias -GICIVET, pertenecientes al programa de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia de la Universidad Pedagogica y Tecnologica de Colombia (UPTC), desarrollaron este estudio, con el fin de evaluar el efecto insecticida in vitro de los extractos etanolicos de Bidens pilosa, Sambucus nigra, Brugmasia arborea, Nicotiana tabacum y Ambrosia cumanenses contra formas adultas de garrapata Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.
The planting beds are no more than 3 feet deep, but Bashin-Sullivan filled them with large plants such as Charles Grimaldi' brugmansia, honey bush, princess flower, and Sambucus nigra 'Madonna'.
Sambucus nigra (elderberry) is a commonly used herbal medicine, traditionally used in respiratory illnesses including influenza, colds and catarrh, and as a diaphoretic, diuretic, laxative and anti-inflammatory agent.
Prunus spinosa (blackthorn), Prunus laurocerasus (laurel), Lonicera periclymenum (honeysuckle), Sambucus nigra (Elderberry), Amelanchier spps.
Hugues Beaulieu of Unipex Innovations, explained how Sambucus nigra flower extract boosted skin moisturization levels by boosting hyaluronic acid secreted by fibroblasts and reducing the level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and TNF-alpha production.
It was used in America for a strain of flu called break-bone fever, hence the name Boneset; Elderberry - sambucus nigra The elderberry is an antiinflammatory antioxidant, with diaphoretic properties and was used to treat a flu epidemic in Panama in 1995.
Some common herbs not discussed include Sambucus nigra, Euphrasia officinalis, Scuttellaria lateriflora and Fucus vesiculosus.
Last autumn we cut back the purple-leaved elder, sambucus nigra 'Thundercloud', bottom right.
Known as Sambucus nigra 'Aurea', better forms of this valuable architectural plant can be purchased from good nurseries and garden centres.