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sample piece of needlework or embroidery, of silk, cotton, or worsted, for the preservation of some pattern or as an example of the ability of a child or a beginner. In museums and private collections there are samplers dating from as early as 1643. It was long the custom for each young girl to work her own sampler as soon as her needlework showed a proper degree of skill. Certain features of the sampler remained constant—the name of the maker, the date, the alphabet, texts from Scripture, proverbs or bits of verse, and a conventional border framing the whole.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a device for obtaining samples from bulk, semi-liquid, and liquid materials for testing purposes. A widely used sampler is a tube with a tapered end and a lengthwise slot that permits sampling of all the layers of a material as the sampler is rotated. Subsurface samplers are used to sample oil, water, and gas from boreholes; they preserve the pressure of the sample removed from a given depth. Circulating and nonrinsing subsurface samplers feature slow sampling into a piston intake chamber. Valves may be actuated by inertial devices, timing mechanisms, hydraulic relays, and power devices.

In the USSR, subsurface samplers are designed for average (up to 30 meganewtons/m2) and high (up to 100 mega-newtons/m2) pressures at operating temperatures up to 70° and 250°C, respectively. The intake chamber capacity is approximately 300 cm3, and the weight of the device is 4–10 kg.


Pribory i apparatura dlia issledovaniia nefti i gaza v plastovykh usloviiakh. Moscow, 1965.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(control systems)
A device, used in sampled-data control systems, whose output is a series of impulses at regular intervals in time; the height of each impulse equals the value of the continuous input signal at the instant of the impulse.
A mechanical or other device designed to obtain small samples of materials for analysis; used in biology, chemistry, and geology.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Music a recording comprising a collection of tracks from other albums, intended to stimulate interest in the featured products
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
'Sampler's end-to-end digital platform gets product samples into the hands of the target audience both quickly and effectively,' said Amy Olah, executive director at CIBC Innovation Banking.
Glynda's collection of Samplers are quite special and give you an insight into Wales' social history.
The pelican sampler showed the lowest content of broken grains, followed by the mechanical sampler, which did not differ from the manual double-tube sampler 2.10 - 3S (Figure 3A).
Space is limited for Sampler Day and registration is recommended.
To underline the point, the girl making the sampler would show off her stitching prowess by embroidering a meaningful Bible text.
Samplers may have begun as needlework samples of different lettering styles; they also became a place to demonstrate one's skills and individuality, to announce one's presence and agency.
"Brands want to make sure colors and shapes match a product's full-size package, to maintain a close connection between the retail item and sampler," he explains.
The needlework sampler made by orphan Celia Bell in the 19th Century
Sampler efficiency was assessed using a PERMA-NOVA applied to the similarity matrix by means of the S0rensen index (Anderson, 2001).
The SAS method uses a portable (battery-powered) high flow sampler. The advantages of portable microbial samplers include their light weight, ease of use, and high sampling flow rates without the need for post-collection processing [15].