sanatorium


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sanatorium

(US), sanitarium
1. an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2. a health resort
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sanatorium

 

the primary institution that provides sanatorium and health resort treatment. There are sanatoriums for adults, children, and teen-agers, as well as for parents and their children. In the USSR, tuberculosis sanatoriums and children’s sanatoriums are administered by public health agencies; all others are administered by trade unions.

The specialization of a health resort sanatorium depends on the available therapeutic facilities. Nonhealth-resort, that is, local, sanatoriums have been established for convalescents, for whom travel to a distant health resort after discharge from a hospital, or a sharp change in climate, might be harmful. Sanatoriums may specialize in treating one type of disease or two or more.

In the USSR and other socialist countries, passes to sanatoriums are available at full cost, free of charge, or with a discount paid for by social insurance. Kolkhoz and interkolkhoz sanatoriums are built and maintained by kolkhozes.

The distinctive characteristics of sanatorium buildings emerged in the last decade of the 19th century. During the first decades of the 20th century, the principles for the functional planning of sanatorium buildings and their technical equipment were worked out. Sanatorium buildings in the USSR have special areas for sleeping, giving treatments, eating, and recreation. There are also housekeeping and administration areas. The architectural planning of sanatoriums varies. Thus, in centralized sanatoriums all facilities are located in one building, in block sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate wings connected by heated passages, and in pavilion sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate buildings.

Sanatorium architecture is characterized by a maximum interrelationship with the surrounding landscape. Many are surrounded by parks. A modern type of health facility is actually a complex of sanatoriums that are completely or partially centralized, with the exception of dining rooms, which are located in each sanatorium of the complex; such architectural planning significantly increases total sanatorium capacity.

A. T. POLIANSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"But as time passed, sanatoriums were built and treatment methods developed."
It created a space for young artists to respond to the fact that while the spa town of Trenianske Teplice abounds with quality spa architecture of the 20th century, with the Zelena Zaba (Green Frog in English) swimming baths designed by the Czech architect Bohuslav Fuchs and the Machna sanatorium as the best examples, these were closed and turned to ruins after the fall of the communist regime.Zaiek later joined Kalinova and they organised a variety of specific installations and events under the auspices of Abandoned (Re)creation to honour this building.
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An exception to this is Gilman's exploration of Leivik's "Ballad of Denver Sanatorium," a text that, of all the literary work he surveys, most squarely intersects with his theme.
According to Head of the National Phthisiology Center Abdullat Kadyrov, the sanatorium itself occupies 7 hectares of land.
Finally, thanks to the incredible generosity of local people and especially to Roland Philipson, who gave PS5,000 (equivalent to PS420,000 today), the sanatorium was opened on October 5, 1907 by the Duke of Northumberland and admitted its first 50 patients on March 15, 1908.
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The used questionnaire was conceived by a group of physicians from the sanatorium.
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