sanatorium

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sanatorium

(US), sanitarium
1. an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2. a health resort

Sanatorium

 

the primary institution that provides sanatorium and health resort treatment. There are sanatoriums for adults, children, and teen-agers, as well as for parents and their children. In the USSR, tuberculosis sanatoriums and children’s sanatoriums are administered by public health agencies; all others are administered by trade unions.

The specialization of a health resort sanatorium depends on the available therapeutic facilities. Nonhealth-resort, that is, local, sanatoriums have been established for convalescents, for whom travel to a distant health resort after discharge from a hospital, or a sharp change in climate, might be harmful. Sanatoriums may specialize in treating one type of disease or two or more.

In the USSR and other socialist countries, passes to sanatoriums are available at full cost, free of charge, or with a discount paid for by social insurance. Kolkhoz and interkolkhoz sanatoriums are built and maintained by kolkhozes.

The distinctive characteristics of sanatorium buildings emerged in the last decade of the 19th century. During the first decades of the 20th century, the principles for the functional planning of sanatorium buildings and their technical equipment were worked out. Sanatorium buildings in the USSR have special areas for sleeping, giving treatments, eating, and recreation. There are also housekeeping and administration areas. The architectural planning of sanatoriums varies. Thus, in centralized sanatoriums all facilities are located in one building, in block sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate wings connected by heated passages, and in pavilion sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate buildings.

Sanatorium architecture is characterized by a maximum interrelationship with the surrounding landscape. Many are surrounded by parks. A modern type of health facility is actually a complex of sanatoriums that are completely or partially centralized, with the exception of dining rooms, which are located in each sanatorium of the complex; such architectural planning significantly increases total sanatorium capacity.

A. T. POLIANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, thanks to the incredible generosity of local people and especially to Roland Philipson, who gave PS5,000 (equivalent to PS420,000 today), the sanatorium was opened on October 5, 1907 by the Duke of Northumberland and admitted its first 50 patients on March 15, 1908.
All were referred to the specialist TB sanatorium in Kyperounda Hospital for a minimum of two months treatment.
Operating all-year round, these rehabilitation centers and sanatoriums offer package treatments that include accommodation, meals, medical care, physiotherapy and recreation.
The museum houses a collection of leprosy-related items showing the harsh living conditions in sanatoriums.
At present, the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry provides former patients wanting to leave the sanatoriums with a maximum 2.
Struck by the poverty and living conditions of the badly contaminated children, he decided to return to the Zelenei Gei Recuperation Sanatorium with more aid.
At the church's Battle Creek sanatorium the staff promoted good nutrition, fresh air, and exercise as aids in recovering and maintaining health.
Given the fact that leprosy patients were segregated in isolated sanatoriums for decades until the Leprosy Prevention Law was repealed in 1996, the council notes in the report, ''It is necessary to map out prevention measures for such human rights violations as we could not stop imposing the sufferings on the patients under the current human rights protection system.
Provision of services for sanatorium and spa treatment of insured persons who received health damage from occupational accidents and occupational diseases in class xiii icd-10 "diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue";Provision of sanatorium and spa treatment services to insured persons who received health damage from occupational accidents and occupational diseases in class x of icd-10 "diseases of the respiratory system";Provision of sanatorium and spa treatment services to insured persons who received health damage due to occupational accidents and occupational diseases in class vi of icd-10 "diseases of the nervous system"
There are still some 4,400 patients in 13 state-run leprosy sanatoriums across the country.
The officials said the amount of compensation will vary from 8 million to 14 million yen per former patient depending on the time they spent in sanatoriums, based on a May 11 ruling by the Kumamoto District Court.