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, religion and philosophy founded in India c.525 B.C. by Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha. There are over 300 million Buddhists worldwide. One of the great world religions, it is divided into two main schools: the Theravada or Hinayana in Sri Lanka and SE Asia, and
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(also Sanga), a river in central Africa, in the Central African Empire and the People’s Republic of the Congo and partially along the border of the United Republic of Cameroon; a right tributary of the Congo (Zaire) River. The Sangha originates at the confluence of the Kadéï and Mambéré rivers. It is approximately 790 km long measuring from the site of the confluence and approximately 1,300 km long measuring from the source of the Kadéï. It drains an area of approximately 200,000 sq km. The largest tributaries are the Dja, on the right, and Likouala-aux-herbes, on the left. The river is fed primarily by rain. The mean flow rate measured at Ouesso fluctuates from 700 eu m per sec in March to 4,250 cu m per sec in October-November. The Sangha is navigable all the way to the confluence of its sources. It is used for floating timber. There is also fishing.