(redirected from sanitarium)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.


(US), sanitarium
1. an institution for the medical care and recuperation of persons who are chronically ill
2. a health resort



the primary institution that provides sanatorium and health resort treatment. There are sanatoriums for adults, children, and teen-agers, as well as for parents and their children. In the USSR, tuberculosis sanatoriums and children’s sanatoriums are administered by public health agencies; all others are administered by trade unions.

The specialization of a health resort sanatorium depends on the available therapeutic facilities. Nonhealth-resort, that is, local, sanatoriums have been established for convalescents, for whom travel to a distant health resort after discharge from a hospital, or a sharp change in climate, might be harmful. Sanatoriums may specialize in treating one type of disease or two or more.

In the USSR and other socialist countries, passes to sanatoriums are available at full cost, free of charge, or with a discount paid for by social insurance. Kolkhoz and interkolkhoz sanatoriums are built and maintained by kolkhozes.

The distinctive characteristics of sanatorium buildings emerged in the last decade of the 19th century. During the first decades of the 20th century, the principles for the functional planning of sanatorium buildings and their technical equipment were worked out. Sanatorium buildings in the USSR have special areas for sleeping, giving treatments, eating, and recreation. There are also housekeeping and administration areas. The architectural planning of sanatoriums varies. Thus, in centralized sanatoriums all facilities are located in one building, in block sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate wings connected by heated passages, and in pavilion sanatoriums different facilities are located in separate buildings.

Sanatorium architecture is characterized by a maximum interrelationship with the surrounding landscape. Many are surrounded by parks. A modern type of health facility is actually a complex of sanatoriums that are completely or partially centralized, with the exception of dining rooms, which are located in each sanatorium of the complex; such architectural planning significantly increases total sanatorium capacity.


References in periodicals archive ?
New Bahraini heavy metal band GVC will debut at this year's Sanitarium, which will be held on August 1 from 6pm at the Shaikh Isa Cultural Hall in the Alumni Club in Adilya.
In November, Sanitarium decided the quake damage was severe enough it needed to close its Christchurch factory, the only one that makes the New Zealand style of Marmite.
About 40 other people were evacuated from the Sanitarium Hospital due to shaking of the ground and lack of power in Valencia City, a hard hit area.
Now their generosity has snowballed and the fans look after 200 of Ukraine's poorest youngsters in the sanitarium, three orphanages and a baby centre.
This was the pre-rehab era; Reid died trying to kick his habit in a sanitarium.
California's luxury guesthouse with seven intimate rooms designed by artists, at the site of the region's oldest sanitarium.
The council found that in some cases, the newborn babies were apparently left to die by sanitarium staff members.
Zastro's Sanitarium, -draws the reader into the world of medicine and women during the late 1800's.
Dr Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Editor of Nutrition & Dietetics, recently asked the following questions of Tris Guy, Senior Dietitian, Sanitarium Nutrition Service
Then his mother was taken to a sanitarium with tuberculosis, and he and his 12 siblings were separated into foster homes.
As a little girl, Anastasia "Stacy" Moore hears strange stories about her grandmother, a woman who "wandered the neighborhood late at night" and "never spoke to anyone:' As Stacy grows up, it becomes clear that her beautiful older sister Rikki, who goes from being the brilliant student with a prep school scholarship to the melancholy woman-child with "storms" in her head, is suffering from the same disorder that put their grandmother in a sanitarium.
Activities at one particular facility, the Clearwater Lake Sanitarium near The Pas, are the main concern for the province's First Nation chiefs and New Democrat MLA Eric Robinson.