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Related to sanity: Sanity testing


the state of being sane



(in criminal law), the ability of a person to account for his actions and control them—one of the necessary features characterizing the person guilty of committing a crime. In Soviet criminal law imputability is the basis of guilt and criminal responsibility for criminal actions (Basic Principles of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics, 1958, art. 11).

The ability to account for one’s actions presupposes the ability to understand the facts of the surrounding conditions and of one’s own actions and to assess correctly the social danger of one’s conduct. Ability to control one’s actions means the ability to act according to one’s will, ideas, and desires.

If the investigator or judge questions an offender’s sanity, the matter is decided by the findings of the court psychiatrist. The absence of sanity-insanity—excludes criminal responsibility.

In the criminal law of contemporary bourgeois states the question of sanity is decided in various ways. Thus, for example, the French criminal code (art. 64) stipulates that an act committed in the condition of insanity is not a crime. In the USA and Great Britain the principle of presumption of sanity is in effect—that is, the defense must declare and prove the insanity of the defendant, and the court may render the decision “guilty by reason of insanity.” This means that the condition of insanity does not exclude criminal guilt.


References in periodicals archive ?
Discovering sanity happens through experiences - both negative and positive," explains Dr.
In the meantime, we can at least give one cheer for sanity.
As the boys returned from the shop, the deceased started shouting at them and speaking incoherently, as if he had lost sanity.
Victor Castroll, analyst with Valcent Financial Group and member of the AAPL Sanity Board, has been monitoring the spreadsheet and came up with the calculation of 51,000 units in the first two hours.
Had he been found insane, he would have been committed to a mental hospital until his sanity was restored.
Edna Woolstenhulme was told to prove her sanity before withdrawing her money from the Royal Bank Of Scotland' It wasn't until the Daily Post became involved on September 7 that the Royal Bank Of Scotland changed its mind over Edna Woolstenhulme's savings
Years ago Malcolm Muggeridge interviewed a man who had spent much of his life in an insane asylum and, having been finally released, had a certificate attesting his sanity.
CEOs must keep up the pressure on the SEC, the PCAOB and others to restore sanity.
The complaint was made by the Campaign for Planning Sanity, a national organisation which was representing villagers at January's inquiry into development plans at the 250-year-old Delaval Arms pub in Seaton Sluice.
I, myself, felt certain lapse in sanity, but can be forgiven, seeing that I sat through a series of big-screen meditations on sanity and identity.