sanity


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to sanity: Sanity testing

sanity

the state of being sane

Sanity

 

(in criminal law), the ability of a person to account for his actions and control them—one of the necessary features characterizing the person guilty of committing a crime. In Soviet criminal law imputability is the basis of guilt and criminal responsibility for criminal actions (Basic Principles of Criminal Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics, 1958, art. 11).

The ability to account for one’s actions presupposes the ability to understand the facts of the surrounding conditions and of one’s own actions and to assess correctly the social danger of one’s conduct. Ability to control one’s actions means the ability to act according to one’s will, ideas, and desires.

If the investigator or judge questions an offender’s sanity, the matter is decided by the findings of the court psychiatrist. The absence of sanity-insanity—excludes criminal responsibility.

In the criminal law of contemporary bourgeois states the question of sanity is decided in various ways. Thus, for example, the French criminal code (art. 64) stipulates that an act committed in the condition of insanity is not a crime. In the USA and Great Britain the principle of presumption of sanity is in effect—that is, the defense must declare and prove the insanity of the defendant, and the court may render the decision “guilty by reason of insanity.” This means that the condition of insanity does not exclude criminal guilt.

V. F. KIRICHENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Sanity means adjustment, and without the minimum of the best structural knowledge of each date concerning this world, such adjustment is impossible.
In the sanity phase, the defense has the burden of proving insanity by the preponderance of the evidence.
It's time to rewrite the vision to return America to moral sanity.
CEOs must keep up the pressure on the SEC, the PCAOB and others to restore sanity.
The complaint was made by the Campaign for Planning Sanity, a national organisation which was representing villagers at January's inquiry into development plans at the 250-year-old Delaval Arms pub in Seaton Sluice.
Roberts' sanity hangs by a thread as he bides his time anticipating a life of wealth with contraband gold.
I, myself, felt certain lapse in sanity, but can be forgiven, seeing that I sat through a series of big-screen meditations on sanity and identity.
Mr Cremin questions the sanity of on-course bookmakers and says exchanges have made them lazy.
Action group Mast Sanity called on the Liberal leadership to publicly distance themselves from Nicola Davies, who is contesting Thursday's vote in the Birmingham constituency.
One woman, a wedding dressmaker whose sanity is uncertain, is convinced that her former torturer lives in her Brooklyn neighborhood and is watching her.
Society must ensure that children in their young years experience the love of parents that is so essential for their future happiness, stability and sanity.