Sansculotte

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sansculotte

 

(French, literally “without breeches”), a term used during the French Revolution. Originally the aristocrats used the term to refer contemptuously to their political opponents—representatives of the urban poor—who wore long trousers of coarse material in contrast to the nobility and bourgeoisie, who wore breeches with silk stockings. Later, particularly during the Jacobin dictatorship, people used the term to designate themselves as patriots and revolutionaries.

REFERENCE

Soboul, A. Parizhskie sankiuloty vo vremia iakobinskoi diktatury. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.